Joseph-Marie Jacquard (1752–1834) invented the Jacquard mechanism, a patterning device than, when attached to a loom, made it practical to weave more detailed designs than were previously possible. This woven silk portrait of the inventor is based on a painting by Claude Bonnefond (1796–1860) that was commissioned by the city of Lyon in 1831. The Lyon manufacturer Didier, Petit et Cie ordered the silk version from weaver Michel-Marie Carquillat, who became a specialist in this kind of work. The Museum owns another woven picture after a painting by Bonnefond, showing the duc d'Aumale (son of the French king Louis-Philippe) visiting Carquillat's atelier.
The silk picture convincingly portrays elements such as a translucent curtain over glass window panes. Only after the Jacquard loom came into use could a work of this extreme level of detail be produced–a contemporary journal reported that one Lyonnais printer actually mistook a woven portrait.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Signature: (at right and left) D'apres le tableau de C. B Bonnefond/Exécuté par Didier Petit et C¦ie¦ (at bottom) Tissé par M.M. Carquillat
Inscription: A la Mémoire de J. M. Jacquard/Né à Lyon le 7 Juillet 1752, Mort le 7 Aout 1834.
William G. Jenkins (until 1931; bequeathed to MMA)
Artist:Jean Démosthène Dugourc (French, Versailles 1749–1825 Paris) Date:ca. 1799Medium:Woven silk and metal thread with applied silk and chenille embroideryAccession:2006.519a, bOn view in:Not on view