This sallet was a new type probably invented by Lorenz Helmschmid for Emperor Maximilian I (1459–1519) around the time he became head of the Holy Roman Empire in 1493. Its construction, with the falling buffe (chin defense) pivoting on the same points as the visor, anticipates the development of close helmets around 1510. The gilt fleur-de-lis trim, which originally bordered the entire helmet, is a typical late Gothic decoration on armors of high quality and is found on several that belonged to Maximilian and other members of the Habsburg court.
Ex. coll.: Arsenal of St. Irene, Constantinople.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Stephen V. Grancsay, and Carl Otto von Kienbusch. The Bashford Dean Collection of Arms and Armor in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Portland, Maine: Southworth Press for the Armor and Arms Club of New York City, 1933. no. 40, p. 125, pl. IV.
Norman, A.V.B. "A Comparison of Three Helmets." Waffen und Kostumkunde. n.d. (1959). vol. 1, pp. 17-18 & 20-21, ill. fig. 5-6.
Pyhrr, Stuart W. "European Armor from the Imperial Ottoman Arsenal." Metropolitan Museum Journal 24 (1989). vol. 24, pp. 94–95, 97, 105, figs. 17d, 22–23.
Nickel, Helmut. "Arms and Armor from the Permanent Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 49, no. 1 (Summer, 1991). vol. 49, pp. 16, 64, ill.