Copy or adaptation of a Greek work of the 3rd or 2nd century B.C.
Hygieia, the personification of Health, was the daughter of Asklepios, the god of healing. Snakes were closely associated with both figures and were actually kept in many of the sanctuaries where the sick gathered. This Hygieia was shown feeding a gigantic serpent. The statue was once part of the collection formed in Rome in the early seventeenth century by the Marchese Vincenzo Giustiniani.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 202, pp. 104-5, pls. 143c-d, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Sobel, Hildegard. 1990. Hygieia: Die Göttin der Gesundheit. no. 3, p. 109, Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1990. Herakles-Kenchrias, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 5. Hygieia, no. 8, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.
Fusconi, Giulia. 2001. I Giustiniani e l'Antico : Palazzo Fontana di Trevi, Roma 26 ottobre 2001-27 gennaio 2002. cat. 4, pp. 186-9, pl. 4a, Roma: L'Erma di Bretschneider.