The hippocamp, a fantastic monster with a horse's body and a fish's tail, was fairly uncommon in Classical Greek art. He plays no part in any extant mythological tale but in art is sometimes ridden by the wise sea god Nereus or sea nymphs. Characteristically, the body of the creature on this vase is without scales and has an erect, crescent tail and spiky fins.
Canessa, Ercole and Arthur Sambon. 1904. Vases Antiques de Terre Cuite: Collection Canessa, Bibliothèque du Musée. no. 262, p. 76, Paris.
Hôtel Drouot. 1904. Antiquités Grecques et Romaines, Collection de M.E. Vente Drouot 2-4 Juin 1904. no. 176, p. 28, pl. 9.
Shepard, Katharine. 1940. The Fish-Tailed Monster in Greek and Etruscan Art. p. 40, Menasha, WI: George Banta.
Beazley, John D. 1943. "Groups of Campanian Red-figure." The Journal of Hellenic Studies, 63: p. 68.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 115 n. 80, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Ure, Annie D. 1953. "Boeotian vases with Women's Heads." American Journal of Archaeology, 57(4). pp. 245–46, figs. 1–3.