The Adonia was a festival held in summer and dedicated to Adonis, the beautiful young hunter beloved by Aphrodite and killed by a boar. From his spilled blood, flowers issued from the ground. The celebration of the Adonia included setting pots of plants on rooftops to germinate and quickly wither. The lekythos shows a woman on a ladder receiving a planter from Eros, presumably to place on a roof. Similar objects appear in the field. Seated below the ladder is a young man, perhaps Adonis, and behind Eros is a woman, perhaps Aphrodite. The procession of figures behind the goddess may be connected with the ritual.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. p. 160, fig. 124, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 115, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. p. 160, fig. 124, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC). 1981. Vol. 1: Aara-Aphlad. "Adonis," p. 229, no. 49, pl. 170, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.
Edwards, Charles M. 1984. "Aphrodite on a Ladder." Hesperia, 53(1): p. 71.
Zaccagnino, Cristiana. 1998. Il Thymiaterion nel Mondo Greco: analisi delle fonti, tipologia, impieghi. p. 162, Roma: L'Erma di Bretschneider.
Kaltsas, Nikolaos and H. Alan Shapiro. 2008. Worshiping Women: Ritual and Reality in Classical Athens p. 246, New York: The Alexander S. Onassis Public Benefit Foundation (USA), Inc.