The disparate handles increase the manipulability of the cup. The decoration shows two maenads (followers of Dionysos, the god of wine). The one on the obverse plays the flute as the lower border of her garment billows gently; her thyrsos, a fennel stalk crowned with ivy, has been set to one side. The maenad on the reverse bends and stretches vigorously, as indicated by her hair and the extremities of the feline pelt that stream out.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. "Recent Accessions in the Classical Department." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 25(5), part 1: p. 137, figs. 7–8.
Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. p. 28, fig. 175, New York: Plantin Press.
Bieber, Margarete. 1939. The History of the Greek and Roman Theater. p. 9, fig. 13, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1944, 1949. Greek Painting: The Development of Pictoral Representation from Archaic to Graeco-Roman Times. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 73, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 381, no. 176, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1992. Kentauroi-Oiax, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 6. Mainades, no. 8, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.