Obverse, youth and seated teacher Reverse, two youths
Students had to be able to recite from memory the works of the poets, especially the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer, which were thought to give moral training. Performance in public competitions, whether literary, musical, or athletic, was a regular part of civic life; and recitation, such as this boy gives before his teacher, was an important preparation for adult life.
Inscription: Inscribed on each side, "Isthmodoros is fair"
Hoppin, James C. and Albert Gallatin. 1926. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, USA 1, Hoppin and Gallatin Collections. p. 98, Gallatin pls. 50.2a–b, 61.1, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. p. 107, fig. 85, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 87, 228, pl. 68e, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. p. 107, fig. 85, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 785, no. 3, Oxford: Clarendon Press.