The point of reference for a vase such as this one is difficult to identify. The image probably represents a libation offered for a victory. It is unclear whether the lekythos was purely funerary in function. If so, the vase may have served for the burial of an athlete.
Hoppin, James C. and Albert Gallatin. 1926. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, USA 1, Hoppin and Gallatin Collections. p. 102, Gallatin pl. 58.2, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 310, no. 2 bottom, Oxford: Clarendon Press.