Rebecca, New York

Paul Strand (American, New York 1890–1976 Orgeval, France)
ca. 1923
Palladium print
19.4 x 24.6 cm (7 5/8 x 9 11/16 in.)
Credit Line:
Gift of Marilyn Walter Grounds, 1989
Accession Number:
Rights and Reproduction:
© 1997 Aperture Foundation Inc., Paul Strand Archive.
Not on view
This exceptionally open, intimate portrait of Rebecca Strand is one of more than a hundred that Paul Strand made of his wife between 1920 and 1932. The series was so strongly influenced by Alfred Stieglitz's celebrated extended portrait of his wife, Georgia O'Keeffe, that Strand's parallel project, pursued in close contact with his friend and mentor, may be considered an implicit act of homage.

Strand's long artistic apprenticeship to Stieglitz, begun through visits to Stieglitz's gallery in 1913, came to an end with the suite of portraits he took of Rebecca in 1922–23. Whereas his earlier attempts appear strained because their long exposures required a headrest—the "iron virgin" of the studio practice—in 1922 Strand photographed his wife in bed. The removal of the former constraint and the new, supine position allowed Strand to reject the upright format of traditional portraiture and to frame boldly, solely to the dictates of his desire.

The artist's freedom and his model's relaxation, intensified by their deep emotional bond, resulted in a portrait of extraordinary sensitivity and immediacy—a fresh but assured response to svelte formal elegance. Thus, the modernist enterprise, Stieglitz's example, and Strand's talent found peaceful resolution and unforgettable union in the closely cropped, diagonally framed, breathing presence of Rebecca Strand.

Inscription: Inscribed in pencil in unknown hand on print, verso, center: "Paul Strand HS. [sideways]"; center right: "P 80.043 [upside down]"; top right: "[obscured by tape] #40-D"; top left:"EW - [obscured by tape] #43"; bottom left: "Plate 56 // TR 6627.62"
Paul Strand Foundation, Millerton, New York; Paul F. Walter and Marilyn Walter Grounds, New York

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Faces from the Collection," January 1, 1987–May 1, 1987.

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "Paul Strand," December 2, 1990–February 3, 1991.

Saint Louis Art Museum. "Paul Strand," August 11, 1991–October 6, 1991.

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. "Paul Strand," October 10, 1991–January 12, 1992.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 6," August 29, 1994–December 12, 1994.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 29," May 21, 2001–September 23, 2001.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Charles Sheeler's Contemporaries," June 3, 2003–August 17, 2003.

Museum of Modern Art New York. "A Personal View: Photography in the Collection of Paul F. Walter,".

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Stieglitz, Steichen, Strand," November 8, 2010–April 10, 2011.

Negative date: 1922–23. The inscription "HS" denotes Hazel Strand, the second wife of Paul Strand; the only other known print of this image is in the J. Paul Getty Museum.