Albert Sands Southworth (American, West Fairlee, Vermont 1811–1894 Charlestown, Massachusetts)
Josiah Johnson Hawes (American, Wayland, Massachusetts 1808–1901 Crawford Notch, New Hampshire)
21.6 x 16.5 cm (8 1/2 x 6 1/2 in.)
Gift of I. N. Phelps Stokes, Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, 1937
Not on view
Inscription: Inscribed in pencil, verso, TC: "Horace Mann"
Marking: Hallmark, BR: Doublé / J.P. [see Spirit of Fact (Sobieszek and Appel, 1976) #9, p. 153]
Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes; [Holman's Print Shop, Boston]; I.N. Phelps Stokes, New York, 1937
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Hawes-Stokes Collection of American Daguerreotypes by Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes," November 4, 1939–December 7, 1939.
George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film. "The Spirit of Fact: The Daguerreotype of Southworth & Hawes, 1843–1862," February 1976–June 1976.
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution. "The Spirit of Fact: The Daguerreotype of Southworth & Hawes, 1843–1862," July 1976–December 1976.
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "The Spirit of Fact: The Daguerreotype of Southworth & Hawes, 1843–1862," January 1977–February 1977.
Moore, Charles LeRoy. "Two Partners in Boston: The Careers and Daguerreian Artistry of Albert Southworth and Josiah Hawes." Master's thesis, University of Michigan, 1975. no. 23.
Sobieszek, Robert A., and Odette M. Appel. The Spirit of Fact: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes, 1843–1862. Rochester: George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, 1976. no. 7.
Romer, Grant B., and Brian Wallis, ed. Young America: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes. New York: George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, 2005. no. 238.
A cash book in the GEH manuscript collection records a visit by Horace Mann to the Southworth & Hawes studio on July 22, 1848 (or 1849). A partial ninth plate variant of this image with two exposures, not reproduced in this catalog (Young America) is in the collection of the Museum of Fine Arts Boston, 43.1456.
Biography: Although he spent his early years as a lawyer and legislator, Horace Mann (1796-1859) devoted himself to education reform for most of his life. Mann was elected secretary of the newly formed Massachusetts Commission to Improve Education in 1837 and he remained in the post until 1848, promoting the establishment and growth of common schools supported by taxes and open to all citizens regardless of race, class or sex. In 1848, he was elected to Congress as an antislavery Whig, succeeding John Quincy Adams, and he was reelected in 1849 as an independent candidate. An outspoken opponent of slavery, he ran unsuccessfully for governor of Massachusetts in 1852 as a Free Soiler. In 1853, Mann left Boston to become the first president of Antioch College, a progressive institution in Yellow Springs, Ohio, that shared his belief that education produced political stability as well as economic benefits for the state.