Rev. Dr. John Bruce, Rev. John Sym, and Rev. Dr. David Welsh
Hill and Adamson (British, active 1843–1848)
David Octavius Hill (British, Perth, Scotland 1802–1870 Edinburgh, Scotland)
Robert Adamson (British, St. Andrews, Scotland 1821–1848 St. Andrews, Scotland)
Salted paper print from paper negative
14.1 x 18.7 cm (5 9/16 x 7 3/8 in. )
The Rubel Collection, Purchase, Ann Tenenbaum and Thomas H. Lee and Lila Acheson Wallace Gifts, 1997
Not on view
The painter Hill and photographer Adamson joined forces to produce "preparatory sketches" for Hill's proposed painting of the signing of the Deed of Demission and establishment of the Free Church of Scotland. Hill posed the sitters as he imagined he might want them to appear in his finished work, and Adamson operated the camera and carried out the darkroom manipulations. Typically, they made several variant negatives at each sitting. While some photographs, such as that of Henning and Ritchie, hanging to the left, served as direct models for the painting, this one did not. Welsh, who read the Act of Protest and walked out of the Church of Scotland's general assembly on May 18, 1843, with 155 ministers behind him, here seems truly burdened by the weight of his actions and the turmoil that resulted.
Inscription: Subjects identified in pencil on mount; stamped on mount: "RSA"
From a set of presentation albums assembled and given by David Octavius Hill to the Royal Scottish Academy (1852); deaccessioned by the Royal Scottish Academy (1977); [Thackrey & Robertson, San Francisco]; John Rubel, San Francisco; William Rubel, Santa Cruz, California; [Hans P. Kraus, Jr. Fine Photographs, New York]
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. "The Art of Photography 1839-1989," February 11, 1989–April 30, 1989.
Canberra. National Gallery of Australia. "The Art of Photography 1839-1989," June 17, 1989–August 27, 1989.
London. Royal Academy of Arts. "The Art of Photography 1839-1989," September 23, 1989–December 23, 1989.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Inventing a New Art: Early Photographs from the Rubel Collection in the Metropolitan Museum of Art," June 1, 1999–September 19, 1999.
Weaver, Mike. The Art of Photography 1839-1989. London: Yale University Press, 1989. pl. 35.
Weaver, Mike, ed. The Art of Photography, 1839–1989. New Haven: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1989. no. 35.
Schaaf, Larry J. Sun Pictures, Catalogue Eight: The Rubel Collection. Sun Pictures. New York: Hans P. Kraus Jr. Fine Photographs, 1997. p. 25.
Daniel, Malcolm. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin: Inventing a New Art: Early Photographs from the Rubel Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art 56, no. 4 (Spring 1999). p. 14.