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Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Transmission Ischiatique

Christian Schad (German, 1894–1982)
1919, printed 1919
Gelatin silver print
Image: 5.9 x 8.3 cm (2 5/16 x 3 1/4 in.) Mount: 14.3 x 11.4 cm (5 5/8 x 4 1/2 in.)
Credit Line:
Gilman Collection, Purchase, Ann Tenenbaum and Thomas H. Lee Gift, 2005
Accession Number:
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2017 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Not on view
In 1919 Schad, a German painter and printmaker who had recently moved to Switzerland, began to prepare small compositions of torn paper, newsprint, and fabric on sheets of photographic paper. He then pressed the arrangements flat under glass and exposed them to light on his balcony window. This particular cameraless photogram presents both abstract patterns of light and dark and a skeletal form. Early in the next decade, Schad learned that Tristan Tzara (1896–1963), the iconoclastic Dada movement’s Zurich ringleader, had dubbed his creations "Schadographs." Schad embraced the term, writing, "The process of making a Schadograph is very complex, and has much more in common with creating a print—an aquatint etching, for instance—than with photography."
Inscription: Titled in ink on mount, recto CL (below image): "TRANSMISSION // ISCHIATIQUE"; signed in pencil on mount, recto CR (below image): "Christial Schad"; circular inkstamp on mount, verso TR: "DOMAN // Exportation // PARIS // CENTRALE"; inscribed in pencil on verso: "T.T."
Tristan Tzara; (sold, Kornfeld and Klipstein, Bern, Switzerland, June 12, 1968); Vanguard Corporation; [Arturo Schwartz, Milan, Italy]; Gilman Paper Company Collection, New York, April 4, 1978

Galleria Schwarz. "Schad. Dada," February 3, 1970–February 28, 1970.

Palazzo dell'Arte al Parco, Milan. "Arte e Fotografia," November 22, 1970–November 29, 1970.

Palazzo Reale. "Christian Schad," November 1, 1972–November 30, 1972.

Städtisches Museum, Leverkusen. "Medium Fotografie," May 18, 1973–August 5, 1973.

Galleria Milano, Milano. "Dada Exhibition," December 1, 1976–December 31, 1976.

Palais de Tokyo, Paris. "Procédés, Procédés," October 7, 1987–November 30, 1987.

Denver Art Museum. "Experimental Vision: The Evolution of the Photogram since 1919," January 15, 1994–March 27, 1994.

Kunsthaus Zürich. "Christian Schad 1894-1982," August 22, 1997–November 9, 1997.

Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus. "Christian Schad 1894-1982," November 26, 1997–February 1, 1998.

Musée Maillol. "Christian Schad," November 5, 2002–February 14, 2003.

Neue Galerie. "Christian Schad," March 14, 2003–June 9, 2003.

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "Dada," February 19, 2006–May 14, 2006.

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Dada," June 16, 2006–September 11, 2006.

Apraxine, Pierre. Photographs from the Collection of the Gilman Paper Company. Reeds Springs, Mo.: White Oak Press, 1985. pl. 113.

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