Colosses du Ramesséum, Maxime Du Camp (French, 1822–1894), Salted paper print from paper negative

Colosses du Ramesséum

Maxime Du Camp (French, 1822–1894)
Salted paper print from paper negative
Image: 16.4 x 21.1 cm (6 7/16 x 8 5/16 in.)
Mount: 31.2 x 43.8 cm (12 5/16 x 17 1/4 in.)
Credit Line:
Gilman Collection, Gift of The Howard Gilman Foundation, 2005
Accession Number:
Not on view
In 1849-50, Du Camp traveled to Egypt with the as-yet-unknown writer Gustave Flaubert, intent on producing clear and legible photographs of the ancient monuments. For them, as for all travelers before and since, the first sight of the temples and pyramids, the Sphinx, and the seemingly endless desert, was overwhelming.
The Greeks called the ruined temple shown here the "Tomb of Ozymandias," their interpretation of Usermaetre, one of the names of Rameses II (r. 1327-1304 B.C.). Du Camp's view shows the temple's portico and a fragment of one of the two granite colossi that lie in the yard of the Second Court. The upper sections of the colossi had been removed in the earlier part of the century and sent to the British Museum. It was on the arrival of the bust of Rameses II in London that Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) wrote his famous sonnet "Ozymandias" (1818). Du Camp included this photograph in a unique, privately printed portfolio of 174 photographs that was once part of the collection of the architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc.
Inscription: Inscribed in pencil, mount recto, TR: "59"; Inscribed in ink, mount recto, BL: "Egypte."; BC: "Portique et Colosse brisé du Rhamesseum, à Chébea. // (Tombeau d'Osymandiad)", BR: "No. 73"
Maxime Du Camp; Eugène Viollet-le-Duc (presumed); [...]; André Jammes, Paris; [Graphics International, Ltd., Washington, D.C.]; Gilman Paper Company Collection, New York, September 1, 1978

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Sight Unseen: Photographs from the Gilman Collection".

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "On the Art of Fixing a Shadow: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Photography," May 7, 1989–July 30, 1989.

Art Institute of Chicago. "On the Art of Fixing a Shadow: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Photography," September 16, 1989–November 26, 1989.

Los Angeles County Museum of Art. "On the Art of Fixing a Shadow: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Photography," December 21, 1989–February 25, 1990.

Du Camp, Maxime. Égypte, Nubie, Palestine et Syrie: dessins photographiques recueillis pendant les années 1849, 1850 et 1851 Paris: Gide et Baudry, 1852. Nineteenth Century Collections Online.

Undena Publications, ed. The photographic heritage of the Middle East : an exhibition of early photographs of Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Turkey, Greece & Iran, 1849-1893. Malibu, 1981.