Between the third century B.C. and second century A.D., the people in the west Mexican state of Colima buried their honored dead with sculptural ceramic vessels in the form of human and animal figures. In the same region in later centuries, ceremonial vessels were given simpler form with a strong emphasis on polychrome surface decoration. This pair of male and female figure vessels, said to have come from the site of El Chanal in Colima, combines the early with the later tradition. Both vessels have large flared openings in back of their necks. From humplike protuberances on their backs project long-tapering spouts. The surfaces are covered with red slip and embellished with detailed red-on-cream designs. The flat, square faces with hatchet noses appear masklike and bear different motifs, while the crescent headdresses with horns are identical. The female figure holds a child that looks up to her, and has legs that wrap around her waist.
Jay C. Leff, Uniontown, PA, acquired by 1959, until 1983; (Sotheby's, New York, May 12, 1983, no. 127); Private collection, 1983–1992; [Judith Small Nash, New York, 1992–1993]
Pohl, John M. D. "The Odyssesy of the Plumed Serpent." In Children of the Plumed Serpent: The Legacy of Quetazlcoatl in Ancient Mexico, edited by Virginia M. Fields, and Victoria I. Lyall. London: Scala Publishers, 2012, 159a-b, p. 107, fig. 12.
Plunket Nagoda, Patricia, and Gabriela Uruñuela. "Under the Volcano: The Rise of Cholula." In Children of the Plumed Serpent: The Legacy of Quetzalcoatl in Ancient Mexico, edited by Virginia M. Fields, John M. D. Pohl, and Victoria I. Lyall. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 2012, no. 159a-b, p. 107.