Jacques Louis David (French, Paris 1748–1825 Brussels)
Black chalk, stumped, heightened with white chalk on beige paper; squared in black chalk
21 1/8 x 16 5/16 in. (53.6 x 41.4 cm.)
Rogers Fund, 1961
Not on view
This highly finished drawing is a study for David's Death of Socrates (31.45), which hangs in the Metropolitan's European Paintings Galleries. The painting depicts the philosopher in prison in 399 BC. Sentenced to death for corrupting the youth of Athens, he pauses to address his followers before drinking the hemlock. This sheet is a study for the pose and drapery of Crito, a wealthy Athenian disciple who, in the painting, sits by Socrates' side and beseeches him not to drink the poison. The grid drawn in black chalk, known as squaring, would have assisted the artist in transferring the design from paper to canvas.
Other studies for the painting were acquired by the museum in 2013 (2013.59) and 2015 (2015.149).
(P. Stein, July 2017)
Seated Draped Male Figure
Inscription: In graphite at lower right, in artist's hand: "David à son ami chaudet"
Antoine Denis Chaudet (French, Paris 1763–1810 Paris)Chaudet, Antoine-Denis (Paris); Vendor: Wildenstein & Co., Ltd., London
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Classicism and Romanticism. French Drawings and Prints," September 15, 1970–November 1, 1970.
Paris. Musée du Louvre. "Dessins Français du Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, de David à Picasso," October 25, 1973–January 7, 1974.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "15th–18th Century French Drawings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 18, 1986–January 4, 1987.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," August 21, 1995–November 26, 1995.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings and Prints: Selections from the Permanent Collection," January 8, 2007–March 25, 2007.
Bean and Turcic 1986.90, Rosenberg and Prat 2002.84
The Art of Drawing, 15th-19th Centuries.. Wildenstein & Co., Ltd., London, London, 1956, cat. no. 83, p. 22.
Jacob Bean "The Drawings Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 20, New York, 1962, p. 171, ill.
Stuart Preston "Review of recent accessions show at MMA." in Burlington Magazine. London, March 1962, fig. no. 40, p. 133.
Jacob Bean 100 European Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York Graphic Society, New York, 1964, cat. no. 62, fig. no. 62, ill.
France in the Eighteenth Century. Exh. cat. Royal Academy of Arts, London, Winter 1968, cat. no. 182, fig. no. 330, p. 64, ill.
Linda Boyer Gillies, Colta Ives, Jacob Bean Classicism and Romanticism: French Drawings and Prints, 1800-1860. Ex. cat. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1970, cat. no. 15, p. 3.
Steven A. Nash The Drawings of Jacques-Louis David: Selected Problems. PhD diss., 1973 p. 216.
Jacob Bean, Linda Boyer Gillies, Cynthia Lambros, Roseline Bacou, Réunion des Musées Nationaux Dessins français du Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York de David à Picasso. 54th Exposition de Cabinet des Dessins Musée du Louvre, 25 October, 1973-7 January 1974. Paris, 1973, cat. no. 23, fig. no. plate 2, pp. 30-31, ill.
Arlette Sérullaz Le néo-classicisme français. Dessins des musées de province. Paris, 1974-1975, cat. no. under no. 18, p. 36.
Philippe Bordes "Dessins perdus de David, dont un pour 'la Mort de Socrate', lithographiés par Debret." in Bulletin de la Société de l'Histoire de l'Art français 1979. Paris, 1981, p. 184.
Luc de Nanteuil Jacques-Louis David. New York, 1985, fig. no. 26, p. 24.
Jacob Bean, Lawrence Turčić 15th-18th Century French Drawings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1986, cat. no. 90, pp. 87-89, ill.
J. J. Lévêque La Vie et l'oeuvre de Jacques-Louis David. Paris, 1989, p. 84, ill.
B. Noël David. French / English edition. Vaduz - New York, 1989, p. 20, ill.
Antoine Schnapper, Arlette Sérullaz Jacques-Louis David 1748-1825. Ex. cat. Paris and Versailles, 1989, cat. no. under no. 77.
Richard J. Campbell, Victor I. Carlson Visions of Antiquity: Neoclassical Figure Drawings. Exh. cat., Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Minneapolis. 1993, cat. no. 40, fig. no. 40 and plate 103, pp. 103, 191, ill.
Perrin Stein, Mary Tavener Holmes Eighteenth-Century French Drawings in New York Collections Exh. cat. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1999, cat. no. 90, pp. 208-210, ill.
Pierre Rosenberg, Louis-Antoine Prat Jacques-Louis David 1748-1825: Catalogue raisonné des dessins. 2 vols., Milan, 2002, cat. no. 84 (vol. I), p. 99, ill.
The Arts of France from François Ier to Napoléon Ier: A Centennial Celebration of Wildenstein's Presence in New York. Exh. cat. Wildenstein & Co., Inc., Paris, 2005, cat. no. 115 (Appendix 1), p. 69, ill.
Louis-Antoine Prat Le Dessin français au XIXe siècle. Paris, 2011, fig. no. 65, 39, ill.