Help us bring life to art, and art to lives. Make a donation.

Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae: Young and Old Bacchant

Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae
Marcantonio Raimondi (Italian, Argini (?) ca. 1480–before 1534 Bologna (?))
After Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio or Santi) (Italian, Urbino 1483–1520 Rome)
or after Giulio Romano (Italian, Rome 1499?–1546 Mantua)
ca. 1514–36
sheet: 6 3/4 x 5 1/8 in. (17.2 x 13 cm) mount: 10 7/8 x 10 1/16 in. (27.6 x 25.5 cm)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, Transferred from the Library, 1941
Accession Number:
Not on view
This print comes from the museum’s copy of the Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae (The Mirror of Roman Magnificence) The Speculum found its origin in the publishing endeavors of Antonio Salamanca and Antonio Lafreri. During their Roman publishing careers, the two foreign publishers - who worked together between 1553 and 1563 - initiated the production of prints recording art works, architecture and city views related to Antique and Modern Rome. The prints could be bought individually by tourists and collectors, but were also purchased in larger groups which were often bound together in an album. In 1573, Lafreri commissioned a title page for this purpose, which is where the title ‘Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae’ first appears. Lafreri envisioned an ideal arrangement of the prints in 7 different categories, but during his lifetime, never appears to have offered one standard, bound set of prints. Instead, clients composed their own selection from the corpus to be bound, or collected a group of prints over time. When Lafreri died, two-third of the existing copper plates went to the Duchetti family (Claudio and Stefano), while another third was distributed among several publishers. The Duchetti appear to have standardized production, offering a more or less uniform version of the Speculum to their clients. The popularity of the prints also inspired other publishers in Rome to make copies however, and to add new prints to the corpus.

The museum’s copy of the Speculum entered the collection as a group of 3 albums with inlaid engravings and etchings. The prints have since been removed, but the original place of each print within the album is contained in the accession number: 41.72(

riginally volume 2, plate 146 in the scrapbook.
Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae: Silenus Supported by Young Bacchant

Marking: On verso at center: The Metropolitan Museum of Art stamp
H. P. Kraus
Bartsch XIV.222.294; Delaborde 135; Quaritch Catalogue 261; Shoemaker and Broun 164.52; only state
Grazia Bernini Pezzini, Stefania Massari, Simonetta Prosperi Valenti Rodinò Raphael Invenit: stampe da Raffaello nelle collezioni dell'Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica Exh. cat. Rome, Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica. Quasar , Rome, Rome, 1985, cat. no. Mito VI.3, p. 247, ill.

Peter Parshall "Antonio' Lafreri's 'Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae'" Print Quarterly. 1, London, 2006.

Related Objects

The Nativity (copy)

Artist: Marcantonio Raimondi (Italian, Argini (?) ca. 1480–before 1534 Bologna (?)) Date: n.d. Medium: Woodcut Accession: 17.37.239 On view in:Not on view

Emperor greeted by a warrior

Artist: School of Marcantonio Raimondi (Italian, Argini (?) ca. 1480–before 1534 Bologna (?)) Date: 16th century Medium: Pen and brown ink on paper washed light-brown Accession: 80.3.190 On view in:Not on view

Pallas Athena standing on a globe, a spear in her left hand, a shield in her right

Artist: Marcantonio Raimondi (Italian, Argini (?) ca. 1480–before 1534 Bologna (?)) Date: ca. 1520–27 Medium: Engraving Accession: 49.97.118 On view in:Not on view

Cupid and three putti in a landscape

Artist: Marcantonio Raimondi (Italian, Argini (?) ca. 1480–before 1534 Bologna (?)) Date: 1506 Medium: Engraving; only state Accession: 25.2.36 On view in:Not on view