Help us bring life to art, and art to lives. Make a donation.

Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Shaffron (Horse's Head Defense)

Stamped with marks attributed to Ambrogio de Osma (Italian, Brescia, documented 1446–75)
ca. 1460–70
possibly Brescia
Italian, possibly Brescia
H. 21 1/2 in. (54.6 cm); W. 9 1/4 in. (23.5 cm); Wt. 1 lb. 15 oz. (878.8 g)
Equestrian Equipment-Shaffrons
Credit Line:
Bashford Dean Memorial Collection, Bequest of Bashford Dean, 1928
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 373
This shaffron is stamped with marks attributed to the Brescian armorer Ambrogio de Osma, documented between 1446 and 1475. The fluted surface follows German fashion, suggesting that the shaffron was made for export to northern Europe.
Marking: Stamped with marks attributed to Ambrogio de Osma.
Hagerstown, Md. Washington County Museum of Fine Arts. "Medieval and Renaissance Arms and Armor, loan exhibtion from MMA," February 27–March 31, 1955, no. 39.

Newark. Newark Museum Association. "Medieval and Renaissance Arms and Armor, loan exhibtion from MMA," May 15–September 15, 1955, no. 39.

Grancsay, Stephen V., The Metropolitan Museum of Art, and Washington County Museum of Fine Arts. Loan Exhibition of Medieval and Renaissance Arms and Armor from the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Hagerstown, Md: Washington County Museum of Fine Arts, February 27–March 31, 1955. no. 39.

Boccia, Lionello G. Le Armature di S. Maria delle Grazie di Curtatone di Mantova e l'Armatura Lombarda del'400. Busto Arsizio: Bramante Editrice, 1982. p. 286, mark nos. 63, 64.

Pyhrr, Stuart W., Donald J. La Rocca, and Dirk H. Breiding. The Armored Horse in Europe, 1480–1620. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005. pp. 22–23, figs. 15, 16, ill.

Related Objects

Composed Armor for Man and Horse

Artist: Left reinforcing elbow stamped with marks belonging to the Missaglia workshop (Italian, Milan, recorded 1430–1529) Date: ca. 1450–1525 and later Medium: Steel, brass, leather, textile (velvet, wool), iron Accession: 29.150.9 On view in:Gallery 373

War Hat

Date: late 15th century Medium: Steel, brass Accession: 29.150.9a On view in:Gallery 373

Cantle Plates

Date: ca. 1475–1525 Medium: Steel Accession: 29.150.9ff, gg On view in:Not on view


Artist: Jacopo da Cannobio, called Bichignola (Italian, Brescia, active ca. 1460) Date: ca. 1460 Medium: Steel Accession: 60.151 On view in:Gallery 373


Artist: Pietro da Castello (Italian, Brescia, documented 1469–86, died before 1498) Date: ca. 1470–80 Medium: Steel Accession: 14.25.579 On view in:Gallery 373