'On the Road' (or 'Rear Guard'): women carrying rifles and children
José Clemente Orozco Mexican
Printer George C. Miller American
Not on view
Together with Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros, Orozco was one of Los Tres Grandes, or the Three Greats—a term designating Mexico’s three most influential muralists. Rear Guard is part of a series of lithographs Orozco made based on his 1926 mural at the National Preparatory School in Mexico City. The print consists of a mass of men, women, and children, some of whom carry rifles, suggesting that they represent the civilian soldiers who fought in the Mexican Revolution, which lasted from roughly 1910 to 1920. The figures are clustered closely together and seen from behind, emphasizing their group identity and collective effort. The sharp lines, oblique angles, and expressive play of light and dark tones are characteristic of Orozco’s unique aesthetic sensibility.