Symbols of the Chakravartin: Folio from a Digambara Manuscript, Possibly the Shalibhadra
late 17th century
India (Rajasthan, Marwar)
Ink and opaque watercolor on paper
4 1/4 x 9 15/16 in. (10.8 x 25.2 cm)
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Uzi Zucker, 1978
Not on view
Jina's are routinely eulogized in terms of kingship and are assigned the regalia and symbolic attributes of a "universal ruler," or chakravartin. Here, the symbols of divine kingship—the elephant, horse, umbrella, weapons, conch, and fire altar—are interspersed with five seated figures in a grid pattern.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Peaceful Conquerors: Jain Manuscript Painting," September 10, 2009–March 28, 2010.