Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Two Women Sewing, Plate 1 from Five Feminine Occupations

Artist:
Geertruydt Roghman (Dutch, Amsterdam 1625–1651/57 Amsterdam (?))
Publisher:
Covens et Mortier (Dutch, 17th century)
Date:
ca. 1640–57
Medium:
Engraving
Dimensions:
Plate: 8 3/8 x 6 1/2 in. (21.2 x 16.5 cm) Sheet: 11 1/2 x 8 5/16 in. (29.2 x 21.1 cm)
Classification:
Prints
Credit Line:
The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1956
Accession Number:
56.550.2
Not on view
Roghman, from an Amsterdam family of artists, is known for some reproductive prints and her original suite of five engravings, "Household Tasks": sewing, spinning, reading (?), cooking, and cleaning cookware (see 56.550.2–.6). The two subjects set in kitchens are unusual in that the solitary maids are seen from behind. Each print presents a sober view of domestic work, but the kitchen scenes are remarkable for the figures' complete lack of individuality, to say nothing of appeal. In comparing Roghman's images of household servants with those of Dou and Vermeer, it is tempting to distinguish male and female points of view (as some critics have rather emphatically). Whatever the interpretation, it is important to bear in mind that Roghman's prints were intended for a broad art market, whereas Dou's famously expensive paintings (as opposed to the later prints after them) and The Milkmaid by Vermeer were made with individual collectors in mind.
Inscription: Lettered in plate at lower left: Geertruyt Rogman / invenit et Sculpsit. / I. Covens et C. Mortier Exc.
Vendor: C. G. Boerner
Hollstein XX.55.2 (1) state II
F. W. H. Hollstein Dutch and Flemish Etchings, Engravings and Woodcuts. vols. 1-64, Amsterdam, 1954–2010, cat. no. XX.55.2 (1) state II, p. 55.



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