Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Seated Male Deity Holding a Cuirass (Chest Armour)

Eastern Javanese period
last quarter of the 10th–first half of the 11th century
Indonesia (Java, Ngandjuk)
H. 3 5/8 in. (9.2 cm)
Credit Line:
Samuel Eilenberg Collection, Gift of Samuel Eilenberg, 1987
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 247
Small sculptures such as these (1987.142.5, .7-.9) are now identified as images from a larger set that were used to create a three-dimensional mandala. Two complete mandalas of this type have been discovered in Indonesia, one in the village of Chandi Reja in 1913 and another more recently at Surucolo. Both groups are thought to represent a Diamond World or Vajradhatu Mandala, thereby linking these images to the traditions of East Asia in which mandalas of this type are also preserved.

Their small size indicates that these figures would once have been used to define the outer regions of a three-dimensional mandala. These Indonesia sculptures, bodhisattvas that function as attendant or retinue deities, have been linked to a commentary written in the reign of the Pala ruler Mahipala, sometime during the last quarter of the tenth and the first half of the eleventh century, but the precise textual basis for the mandalas they depict has not been identified. The style of the sculptures is characteristic of the art of East Java in the late tenth and eleventh centuries. The figures have long thin bodies with strong faces, and each wears carefully cast, beaded jewelry and a tall, mountain-shaped crown. The ornaments of each bodhisattva are different, as are the implements they hold in their hands.
Samuel Eilenberg , New York (until 1987; donated to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Lotus Transcendent: Indian and Southeast Asian Art from the Samuel Eilenberg Collection," October 2, 1991–June 28, 1992.

New York. Asia Society. "Mandala: The Architecture of Enlightenment," September 4, 1997–January 4, 1998.

Related Objects

Bodhisattva Maitreya, the Buddha of the Future

Artist: Date: 7th century
Accession Number: 1978.536
Date: 7th century Medium: Bronze inlaid with silver Accession: 1978.536 On view in:Gallery 237

Bronze statuette of a boy in Eastern dress

Artist: Date: mid-late 1st century B.C.
Accession Number: 49.11.3
Date: mid-late 1st century B.C. Medium: Bronze Accession: 49.11.3 On view in:Gallery 164

Seated Male Deity Holding a Cuirass (Chest Armour)

Artist: Date: last quarter of the 10th–first half of the 11th century
Accession Number: 1987.142.7
Date: last quarter of the 10th–first half of the 11th century Medium: Bronze Accession: 1987.142.7 On view in:Gallery 247

Hercules and the Nemean Lion

Artist: Date: late 17th century
Accession Number: 1982.60.96
Date: late 17th century Medium: Bronze, with brown lacquer patina Accession: 1982.60.96 On view in:Gallery 537

Bronze statuette of Eros sleeping

Artist: Date: 1st century B.C.–2nd century A.D.
Accession Number: 13.225.2
Date: 1st century B.C.–2nd century A.D. Medium: Bronze Accession: 13.225.2 On view in:Gallery 164