Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Environs of Fontainebleau: Woodland and Cattle

Auguste-François Bonheur (French, Bordeaux 1824–1884 Bellevue)
Oil on canvas
104 1/2 x 157 1/4 in. (265.4 x 399.4 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of James Clinch Smith and his sisters, in memory of their mother, 1890
Accession Number:
Not on view
Inscription: Signed (lower left): Auguste Bonheur
Alexander T. Stewart, New York (until d. 1876; bought from the artist); his widow, Cornelia M. Stewart, New York (1876–d. 1886; her estate sale, American Art Association, New York, March 24, 1887, no. 142, as "Environs of Fontainebleau (Woodland Cattle)," for $17,800 to Smith); Mrs. J. Lawrence (Sarah N.) Smith, New York (1887–d. 1890); her son, James Clinch Smith, and his sisters, New York (1890; their gift to MMA)
Paris. Salon. May 1–?, 1866, no. 203 (as "Le dormoir; arrivée du troupeau," possibly this picture).

Charles Blanc. "Salon de 1866 (2e et dernier article)." Gazette des beaux-arts 21 (July 1866), p. 48 [possibly this picture], as "Dormoir".

Marc de Montifaud. "Salon de 1866, I." L'Artiste 1 (May 15, 1866), p. 171 [possibly this picture].

Edmond About. Salon de 1866. Paris, 1867, pp. 271–72 [possibly this picture].

Cicerone. "Private Galleries: I. Collection of the Estate of Alexander Turney Stewart." Art Amateur 1 (June 1879), p. 6, calls it "Cattle in the Fontainebleau Forest".

Cicerone. "Private Galleries: Collection of the Estate of Alexander Turney Stewart. III." Art Amateur (September 1879), p. 74, calls it "Cattle at Fontainebleau" and considers it the masterpiece of Bonheur's life; compares it to Rosa Bonheur's "Horse Fair" (MMA 87.25), noting that "the brother's work is far superior to the sister's in landscape sentiment, expression of atmosphere, and subtle rendering of soft and difficult textures".

Edward Strahan [Earl Shinn], ed. The Art Treasures of America. Philadelphia, [1880], vol. 1, pp. 23, 48, 52, calls it "Cattle in the Forest of Fontainebleau" in the text and "Fontainebleau. Landscape and Cattle" in the list of works in Mrs. Stewart's collection.

"Prices of the Pictures: Second Night of the Stewart Sale." New York Times (March 25, 1887), p. 5, notes that it sold for $17,800 to Mrs. J. Lawrence Smith at the Stewart sale.

"The Metropolitan Museum of Art—The French Painters." New York Times (May 22, 1895), p. 4.

Arthur Hoeber. The Treasures of The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York. New York, 1899, p. 86.

Related Objects

Landscape with Distant Mountains

Artist: Auguste-François Bonheur (French, Bordeaux 1824–1884 Bellevue) Medium: Oil on paper, laid down on canvas Accession: 2009.400.10 On view in:Not on view

Still Life with Flowers and Fruit

Artist: Henri Fantin-Latour (French, Grenoble 1836–1904 Buré) Date: 1866 Medium: Oil on canvas Accession: 1980.3 On view in:Gallery 824

The Burning of Sodom (formerly "The Destruction of Sodom")

Artist: Camille Corot (French, Paris 1796–1875 Paris) Date: 1843 and 1857 Medium: Oil on canvas Accession: 29.100.18 On view in:Gallery 803

Hunting Dogs with Dead Hare

Artist: Gustave Courbet (French, Ornans 1819–1877 La Tour-de-Peilz) Date: 1857 Medium: Oil on canvas Accession: 33.77 On view in:Gallery 811