María Teresa (1638–1683), Infanta of Spain

Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo Spanish

On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 625

Mazo was Velázquez’s assistant and son-in-law, having married his daughter Francisca in 1633, and he mimicked many of the elder artist’s techniques and formats. Here, he portrays María Teresa, daughter of King Philip IV of Spain and future queen of France, at around seven years old. Though she wears a rigid court dress, her lapdog lends the painting an informality typical of Velázquez’s innovative portraits of royal children. The putti faintly visible through the red curtain at upper right reveal that Mazo reused a canvas once painted with an entirely different composition, a common practice in even the highest-level workshops.

María Teresa (1638–1683), Infanta of Spain, Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo (Spanish, Cuenca ca. 1612–1667 Madrid), Oil on canvas

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