Van Veerendael was influenced by two of the leading flower painters in Antwerp, Jan Davidsz de Heem and Daniel Seghers. In this early work the evidence of acute observation seems a legacy of De Heem's Dutch origins, but the overall design and dwelling upon botanical details continue the Flemish tradition of Segher's master, Jan Brueghel the Elder.
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Title:A Bouquet of Flowers in a Crystal Vase
Artist:Nicolaes van Veerendael (Flemish, 1640–1691)
Medium:Oil on canvas
Dimensions:19 1/2 x 15 7/8 in. (49.5 x 40.3 cm)
Credit Line:Bequest of Stephen Whitney Phoenix, 1881
Inscription: Signed and dated (lower left): N. V. Verendael, 1662.
Stephen Whitney Phoenix, New York (until d. 1881)
Palm Beach. Society of the Four Arts. "Flower Paintings," March 7–30, 1952, no catalogue?
New York. Wildenstein. "Magic of Flowers in Painting," April 13–May 15, 1954, no. 78.
Southampton, N.Y. Parrish Art Museum. "Paintings from the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art," July 22–August 18, 1954, unnumbered cat.
East Hampton, N.Y. Guild Hall. "Flowers in Art," July 20–August 13, 1956, no. 45.
Philadelphia Museum of Art. "A World of Flowers," May 2–June 9, 1963, unnumbered cat. (p. 127).
Athens. National Gallery Alexandros Soutzos Museum. "From El Greco to Cézanne: Masterpieces of European Painting from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," December 13, 1992–April 11, 1993, no. 11.
Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum. "Earth, Sea, and Sky: Nature in Western Art—Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," October 6, 2012–January 4, 2013, no. 65.
Beijing. National Museum of China. "Earth, Sea, and Sky: Nature in Western Art—Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," February 8–May 9, 2013, no. 65.
Margaretta Salinger. "Early Flower Paintings." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 8 (May 1950), p. 258, ill. p. 254.
Josephine L. Allen and Elizabeth E. Gardner. A Concise Catalogue of the European Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1954, p. 98.
M. L. Hairs. Les peintres flamands de fleurs au XVIIe siècle. Paris, 1955, p. 247.
"A World of Flowers." Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin 58 (Spring 1963), ill. p. 127 [this is also the cat. for Exh. Philadelphia 1963].
Peter Mitchell. Great Flower Painters: Four Centuries of Floral Art. Woodstock, N.Y., 1973, pp. 251–52.
Walter A. Liedtke. Flemish Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1984, vol. 1, pp. 271–72; vol. 2, pl. 105.
Claus Grimm. Stilleben: die niederländischen und deutschen Meister. Stuttgart, 1988, pp. 53–55, colorpls. 23–24.
Deborah Krohn et al. inFrom El Greco to Cézanne: Masterpieces of European Painting from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Exh. cat., National Gallery Alexandros Soutzos Museum. Athens, 1992, p. 306, no. 11, ill. (color).
Katharine Baetjer. European Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art by Artists Born Before 1865: A Summary Catalogue. New York, 1995, p. 294, ill., as "A Bouquet of Flowers in a Crystal Vase".
Walter Liedtke inEarth, Sea, and Sky: Nature in Western Art; Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum. [Tokyo], 2012, p. 234, no. 65, ill. [Chinese ed., Hefei Shi, 2013, pp.144–45, no. 65, ill. (color)].
Peter Barnet and Wendy A. Stein inEarth, Sea, and Sky: Nature in Western Art; Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum. [Tokyo], 2012, ill. pp. 35, 120 (color).
The subject of this picture is virtually identical to that of a slightly larger canvas (exh., Brian Koetser Gallery, London, March–June 1966, no. 12) that is fully signed by the artist, but not dated. Minor differences occur in the small flowers at the left.
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