The Gravensteen at Ghent was the principal domain of the Hapsburgs in South Flanders. These stained-glass panels, thought to have come from this imperial residence, are part of a larger series ordered either by Maximilian I or Charles V. From left to right the arms are those of Maximilian I, Philip the Fair, Charles V, and Henry, count of Nassau.
Inscription: (lower corners) initial C; (border) initial C, four times.
Marking: Arms (of Charles V): I and IV, grand quarters quartered, 1 and 4, again quartered, 1 and 4, a gules a castle or (Castile); 2 and 3, argent, a lion gules (Leon); 2 and 3, paly of six, or and gules (Aragon), impaling per saltire in chief and bass Aragon, dexter and sinister, argent an eagle displayed sable (Sicily); II and III grand quarters quartered, 1, gules, a fess argent (Austria), 2, within a bodure compony gules and argent, azure three fleur-de-lys, tw oand one, or (Burgundy Modern), 3. within a bordure gules, a bendy of six or and azure (Burgundy Ancient), 4 sable, a lion rampant or (Brabant), overall an escutcheon, or a lion rampant sable (Flanders), in a base point, argent, a pomegranate vert (Granada); encircled by the Collar of the Order of the Gloden Fleece.
Crest (on a barred helm affronté): a ducal crown surmounted by a triple towered castle, issuant therefrom a demi lion crowned ducally, all or, grasping a sword proper, lambriquins or and ermine.
Probably from the Gravensteen at Ghent; Roy Grosvenor Thomas, New York and London (until 1937)
Steinberg, S. H. "A Flemish Armorial Window." The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 74, no. 434 (May 1939). pp. 218–22, fig. B.
Caviness, Madeline H., ed. Stained Glass Before 1700 in American Collections: New England and New York (Corpus Vitrearum Checklist I). Studies in the History of Art, Vol. 15. Washington, D.C.: National Art Gallery, 1985. p. 137.