Everyone Stands Under His Own Dome of Heaven, Anselm Kiefer (German, born Donaueschingen, 1945), Watercolor, gouache, and graphite on joined paper

Everyone Stands Under His Own Dome of Heaven

Artist:
Anselm Kiefer (German, born Donaueschingen, 1945)
Date:
1970
Medium:
Watercolor, gouache, and graphite on joined paper
Dimensions:
15 3/4 x 18 7/8in. (40 x 47.9cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Denise and Andrew Saul Fund, 1995
Accession Number:
1995.14.4
Rights and Reproduction:
© Anselm Kiefer
Not on view
Everyone Stands under His Own Dome of Heaven reimagines the figure of the artist in a vast, snow-dusted field, isolated by a transparent hemisphere. The figure’s Nazi salute is visible but shielded by the dome. Kiefer has explained that the pose acts like a "lightning rod" for our attention while the dome limits its power; this combination demonstrates the artist’s conviction that there is no single teleological system of belief, such as Christianity or Marxism, appropriate for all human beings. In discussing this work, he stated, "Each man has his own dome, his own perceptions, his own theories. There is no one god for all. Each man has his own, and sometimes [it] overlaps with or intersects another’s."
Inscription: Inscribed in graphite pencil (upper left): Erde/ Welt
private collection (1970–83; sold in 1983 to d'Offay); [Anthony d'Offay Gallery, London, 1983–95; sold to MMA]

Kunstverein Freiburg. "Anselm Kiefer: Aquarelle 1970–1980," September 18–October 18, 1981, unnumbered cat. (as "Jeder Mensch steht unter seiner Himmelskugel").

London. Anthony d'Offay Gallery. "Anselm Kiefer: Watercolours, 1970–1982," May 24–July 9, 1983, no. 1 (as "Jeder Mensch steht unter seiner Himmelskugel [Every human being stands beneath his own dome of heaven]").

Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf. "Anselm Kiefer," March 24–May 5, 1984, no. 62 (as "Every human being stands beneath his own dome of heaven").

ARC/Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. "Anselm Kiefer," May 11–June 21, 1984, no. 62.

The Israel Museum, Jerusalem. "Anselm Kiefer," July 31–September 30, 1984, no. 62.

Art Institute of Chicago. "Anselm Kiefer," December 5, 1987–January 31, 1988, unnumbered cat. (colorpl. 2; as "Every Human Being Stands beneath His Own Dome of Heaven," lent by a private collection).

Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Anselm Kiefer," March 6–May 1, 1988, unnumbered cat.

Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. "Anselm Kiefer," June 14–September 11, 1988, unnumbered cat.

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Anselm Kiefer," October 17, 1988–January 3, 1989, unnumbered cat.

Sezon Museum of Modern Art. "Anselm Kiefer–Melancholia," June 3–July 19, 1993, no. W–2 (as "Jeder Mensch steft unter seiner Himmelskugel").

National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto. "Anselm Kiefer–Melancholia," August 3–September 5, 1993, no. W–2.

Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art. "Anselm Kiefer–Melancholia," September 18–October 24, 1993, no. W–2.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Anselm Kiefer: Works on Paper in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," December 15, 1998–March 21, 1999, no. 3.

Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth. "Anselm Kiefer: Heaven and Earth," September 25, 2005–January 8, 2006, unnumbered cat. (p. 54).

Washington, D. C. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution. "Anselm Kiefer: Heaven and Earth," June 18–September 10, 2006, unnumbered cat.

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. "Anselm Kiefer: Heaven and Earth," October 5, 2006–January 14, 2007, unnumbered cat.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Broken Flowers and Grass: Nature and Landscape in the Drawings of Anselm Kiefer," March 24–August 2, 2009, no catalogue.

Duisburg. Museum Küppersmühle für Moderne Kunst. "Joseph Beuys, Anselm Kiefer: Zeichnungen, Gouachen, Bücher," June 29–September 30, 2012, unnumbered cat. (p. 179; as "Jeder Mensch steht unter seiner Himmelskugel").

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Land Marks," April 30–August 25, 2013, no catalogue.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Land Marks," April 30, 2013–August 25, 2013.

R. H. Fuchs. Anselm Kiefer: Aquarelle 1970–1980. Exh. cat., Kunstverein Freiburg. Freiburg, 1981, unpaginated.

Anne Seymour. Anselm Kiefer: Watercolours 1970–1982. Exh. cat., Anthony d'Offay Gallery. London, 1983, unpaginated, no. 1, ill. (color).

Jürgen Harten in Anselm Kiefer. Exh. cat., Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf. Dusseldorf, 1984, pp. 146–47, 174, no. 62, fig. 103.

Mark Rosenthal. Anselm Kiefer. Exh. cat., Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago and Philadelphia, 1987, p. 18, colorpl. 2.

Nan Rosenthal in "Recent Acquisitions: A Selection 1994–1995." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 53 (Autumn 1995), p. 68.

Nan Rosenthal. Anselm Kiefer: Works on Paper in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1998, pp. 14, 20, 101, no. 3, ill. p. 21 (color) and cover (color).

Lisa Saltzman. Anselm Kiefer and Art After Auschwitz. Cambridge, England, 1999, p. 115, fig. 40, calls it "Every Man Stands Beneath His Own Dome of Heaven".

Michael Auping. Anselm Kiefer: Heaven and Earth. Exh. cat., Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth. Fort Worth, 2005, p. 32, ill. p. 54 (color).

Richard Davey in Anselm Kiefer. Exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts. London, 2014, p. 58, fig. 30 (color).

Daniel Arasse. Anselm Kiefer. 2nd ed. [1st ed., 2010]. London, 2014, pp. 212–13, ill. (color).