the artist (1969–d.1970; his estate, consigned to Marlborough Gallery, New York, 1970–77; returned to the artist's estate, 1977–79; sold in February 1979, through the Pace Gallery, New York, to Hess); Leon and Norma W. Hess, New York (1979–his d. 1999); Norma W. Hess, New York (1999–2007; her gift to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Abstract Expressionist Drawings," November 1, 2007–February 24, 2008, no catalogue.
N[an] R[osenthal] in "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 2007–2008." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 66 (Fall 2008), p. 52, ill. (color).