Haidi (海笛 )

Period:
Qing dynasty (1644-1911)
Date:
19th century
Geography:
Beijing, China
Culture:
Chinese
Medium:
Rosewood, brass.
Dimensions:
L. 12 9/16 × Diam. (bell) 3 9/16 in. (31.9 × 9 cm)
Classification:
Aerophone-Reed Vibrated-double reed
Credit Line:
The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments, 1889
Accession Number:
89.4.21
Not on view
This double reed instrument was introduced to China around the beginning of the 16th century and takes its name from the Middle Eastern zurna. Several varieties are found in China, including a smaller version called a haidi. The player, whose mouth completely covers the small reeds, uses circular breathing (through the nose) to maintain a constant tone. It was first used by the military, but today it is played in ensemble or as a solo instrument.
Mary Elizabeth Adams Brown
Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Asia, Gallery 27. 2. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1903, vol. II, pg. 18.

Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Gallery 27. 1. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1901, vol. I, pg. 18.

Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments of All Nations: I. Europe, Galleries 25 and 26, Central Cases of Galleries 27 and 28. Catalogue., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, vol. 13, pg. 112.