Art/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

西周青銅瓿(銘文后刻)
Wine Container (Pou)

Period:
Shang dynasty (ca. 1500–1046 B.C.)
Date:
13th century B.C.
Culture:
China
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H. 21 1/4 in. (54 cm); Diam. 19 1/2 in. (49.5 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.524a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 207
This large wine container was one of the first significant archaic bronzes to enter the museum’s holdings. Nearly two feet tall, it remains the largest example in the collection. Created as a bold display of political power, it closely resembles two vessels excavated from the tomb of the royal consort Fu Hao (died ca. 1250 B.C.) at Anyang, Henan province.
This large wine container was one of the first significant archaic bronzes to enter the museum’s holdings. Nearly two feet tall, it remains the largest example in the collection. Its swelling body, dome-shaped lid, and short circular foot are all decorated with raised taotie masks on a dense ground of spirals, which is typical of the late Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 B.C.) Created as a bold display of political power, it closely resembles two vessels excavated from the tomb of the royal consort Fu Hao (died ca. 1250 B.C.) at Anyang, Henan province.

[Zhixin Jason Sun, Ancient Chinese Bronzes in the Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Orientations, March 2015]
Signature: Signed and dated: "Made by Su Yi in the third year of the reign of Cheng Wang" (1115–1077 B.C.) in early writing on bottom of vessel, and reversed on inside lid.

Inscription: Translation by Professor W.A.C.H. Dobson, University of Toronto May 21, 1958:

In the King's fourth month, the first week, the Ding-hai day [I] Uncle Yü had this vessel made in honou of [my ancestor] the Lord of Xing, [on the occasion of] the removal of his ancestor's [tablets from the old shrine] and their installation in our family ['new? present shrines], so that we might continue our Charge both within and without. We must not dare to do the wrong thing. We must (?) perform the ? Ceremony to our accomplished (lit: "cultured") ancestors, and benefit them for ten thousand years.
May our sons and grandsons forever treasure [this vessel].
J. Pierpont Morgan , New York (until 1917; donated to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries," November 14, 1970–June 1, 1971.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Out of Character: Decoding Chinese Calligraphy—Selections from the Collection of Akiko Yamazaki and Jerry Yang," April 29, 2014–August 17, 2014.

Related Objects

Altar Set

Artist: Date: late 11th century B.C.
Accession Number: 24.72.1–.14
Date: late 11th century B.C. Medium: Bronze Accession: 24.72.1–.14 On view in:Gallery

Ritual Wine Container (Fangyi)

Artist: Date: 12th century B.C.
Accession Number: 1974.268.2a, b
Date: 12th century B.C. Medium: Bronze Accession: 1974.268.2a, b On view in:Gallery 207

Wine Vase (Zun)

Artist: Date: 13th century B.C.
Accession Number: 43.25.1
Date: 13th century B.C. Medium: Bronze inlaid with black pigment Accession: 43.25.1 On view in:Gallery 207

Bell (Nao)

Artist: Accession Number: 43.24.2a, b Medium: Bronze Accession: 43.24.2a, b On view in:Gallery 207

Wine Cup in the Shape of Addorsed Owls (Zhi)

Artist: Date: 12th century BC
Accession Number: 43.28a–c
Date: 12th century BC Medium: Bronze Accession: 43.28a–c On view in:Gallery 207