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Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Sarcophagus of Payuhor

Ptolemaic Period
150–100 B.C.
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Asasif, near the Tomb of Pabasa (TT 279), MMA excavations, 1918–19
Indurated Limestone, pigment
L. 200 cm ( 78 3/4 in); W. 70 cm (27 9/16 in); H. 51 cm (20.16 in)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund and Edward S. Harkness Gift, 1922
Accession Number:
22.3.1a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 132
Payuhor was a Priest of Amun, of Isis and Khonsu, Controller of the Cooks, Keeper of the Chest, and Scribe of the White House (the Southern Treasury). Most of the inscriptions on the lid are magic formulas for reuniting the spirit with the body after death. Above the inscription is a scene in which the deceased lies on a bier flanked by the funerary goddesses Isis (right) and Nephthys (left), and the Four Sons of Horus, protectors of the four organs, which were separately mummified. The so called ba of Payuhor, in the form of a human-headed bird, hovers over the body. On the bottom of the lid is a goddesss personifying the underworld. The text before her says that she is ready to receive Payuhor with open arms. The text behind her lists the parents, grandfather and the great-grandfather of the deceased.
Excavated by the Metropolitan Museum at Thebes, 1918-1919 and received in the division of finds. Brought to New York and accessioned, 1922.

Buhl, Marie-Louise 1959. The late Egyptian anthropoid stone sarcophagi, Nationalmuseets skrifter. Arkæologisk-historisk række, 6. Copenhagen: Nationalmuseet, p. 64 (no. E, a 25), fig. 26.

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