Liturgical Fan (Flabellum)

19th century, with minor elements of about 1200
Made in Cologne (probably)
Gilt bronze, champlevé enamel, silver, semiprecious stones, glass, gems, gold filigree, cabochons
Overall (Diameter): 11 1/2 in. (29.2 cm)
Overall (Length of Handle): 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm)
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1947
Accession Number:
Not on view
Alexander Petrovich Basilevsky (by 1874-1885) ; State Hermitage Museum (from 1885) ; [ Nicolas Brimo, Paris (sold 1933)] ; [ Brummer Gallery, Paris and New York (1933–1947)]
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "Arts of the Middle Ages: A Loan Exhibition," February 17, 1940–March 24, 1940.

Basilewsky,Alexander, and Alfred Darcel. Collection Basilewsky: Catalogue raisonné précédé d'un essai sur les art industriels du Ier au XVIe siècle. Volume 1, Text. Paris: Veuve A. Morel et Cie, 1874. no. 193, p. 76.

Arts of the Middle Ages: A Loan Exhibition. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1940. no. 243, p. 71.

Taylor, Francis Henry. "The Middle Ages in Boston." Parnassus 12, no. 3 (March 1940). p. 8, ill. p. 9.

Rorimer, James J. "A Treasury at the Cloisters." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 6, no. 9 (May 1948). pp. 240-241.

Stoddard, Whitney S. Monastery and Cathedral in France: Medieval Architecture, Sculpture, Stained Glass, Manuscripts, the Art of the Church Treasuries. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1966. pp. 364–66, fig. 411.

Fillitz, Hermann. Das Mittelalter I. Propyläen Kunstgeschichte, Vol. 5. Berlin: Propylaën Verlag, 1969. no. XLI, pp. 259-60, pl. XLI.

Hoffmann, Konrad, ed. The Year 1200: A Centennial Exhibition at The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1970. no. 118, pp. 112-114.

Deuchler, Florens. "The Cloisters: Ein Museum für mittelalterliche Kunst in New York." Du 32, no. 2 (1972). p. 107.

Frazer, Margaret English. "Medieval Church Treasuries." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 43, no. 3 (Winter 1985-1986). p. 20, fig. 14.

Legner, Anton, ed. Ornamenta Ecclesiae: Kunst und Künstler der Romanik. Vol. 1. Cologne: Museum Schnütgen, 1985. no. C50, pp. 470, 475.

Husband, Timothy B., and Charles T. Little. Europe in the Middle Ages. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. no. 68, pp. 76-77.

McLachlan Elizabeth Parker. "Liturgical Vessels and Implements." In The Liturgy of the Medieval Church, edited by Thomas J. Heffernan, and E. Ann Matter. Consortium for the Teaching of the Middle Ages. Kalamazoo, Michigan: Western Michigan University, 2005. pp. 407-408, fig. 10.