Christian Dior (French, Granville 1905–1957 Montecatini)
Gift of Irene Stone, in memory of her daughter, Mrs. Ethel S. Greene, 1959
Not on view
The standing of French haute couture was diminished by World War II, which forced many fashion houses to close. During the subsequent occupation, designers faced material shortages and restrictions on fabric usage; accordingly, fashionable dress took on a narrow silhouette and a relatively short skirt. Following the war, it was Christian Dior’s first collection, in spring 1947 that heralded the renewed dominance of Parisian couture. He launched a silhouette defined by a full bust, wasp waist, padded hip, and full, long skirt, which was dubbed the “New Look” by Carmel Snow, editor of Harper’s Bazaar. The iconic “New Look” set the direction for fashion in the following decade and has remained a source of inspiration for the house’s designers.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Marking: [label] "Marshall Field" [label] "Made in France"
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Christian Dior," December 12, 1996–March 23, 1997.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterworks: Unpacking Fashion," November 18, 2016–February 5, 2017.
Musée des Arts de la Mode. "Hommage a Christian Dior," March 21, 1987–October 4, 1987.