Marcantonio Raimondi (Italian, ca. 1480before 1534)
Engraving; 11 1/2 x 6 3/8 in. (29.1 x 16.2 cm)
The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1949 (49.97.114)
The Apollo Belvedere was discovered near Rome in the late fifteenth century. Possibly a second-century marble copy of a bronze original by the Greek sculptor Leochares, the statue was immediately appreciated as a masterpiece and showered with praise that has not yet ceased. Probably once in the private collection of Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius II, r. 150313), it was moved to the Vatican in 1509 and placed, in 1511, in the Cortile del Belvedere,from which it derives its name. Raimondi's print became an important vehicle through which knowledge of the statue was transmitted far beyond the Vatican. He is famous for his many engravings after the designs of Raphael, including images such as the Judgment of Paris (19.74.1), scenes that, like the Apollo, illustrate Renaissance interest in classical antiquity and mythology. Here, Raimondi's mastery for replicating the effects of light on marble produces a convincing impression of the statue's form. Many artists incorporated the Apollo's much-lauded pose into their own work. Albrecht Dürer reverses the position of the figure's limbs and Apollo becomes Adam, reaching for the fruited branchoffered by his mate in the 1504 engraving Adam and Eve (19.73.1). A similar Apollo, whose outstretched arm graspstoo latea fleeing nymph, appears in the 1625 marble group Apollo and Daphne by the Roman Baroque sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini (15981680).