Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Seasons and Elements (Summer) (set of four)

Designer:
Possibly after a design by Charles Le Brun (French, Paris 1619–1690 Paris)
Designer:
Border probably designed by Jean Lemoyen le Lorrain (1637/38–1709)
Patron:
Commissioned for Marquise de Montespan (1641–1707)
Date:
ca. 1683
Culture:
French, Paris
Medium:
Canvas; silk, wool, and metal-thread embroidery in tent stitch (316 stitches per sq. inch, 49 per sq. cm.)
Dimensions:
L. 174 x W. 110 inches (442 x 279.4 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Embroidered
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1946
Accession Number:
46.43.2
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 531
Designed and embroidered probably in the convent of Saint-Joseph-de-la-Providence for the Marquise de Montespan (1641–1707), these hanging (46.43.1–.4) may have adorned the king's apartment at the château de Rambouillet. The embroidery representing Air shows the figure of Louis XIV. The other three hangings depict three of the six children of the king and Madame de Montespan, symbolizing Spring, Summer, and Fire. The set almost certainly included Autumn and Winter, as well as water; Madame de Montespan herself was perhaps depicted as Juno, representing Earth.
Commissioned for Marquise de Montespan 2–5; sold to Cubit); possibly Comte de Toulouse , Château de Rambouillet ; Louis Philippe, King of France , Palais Royal, Paris (until 1852) ; [ King Louis-Philippe sale, Domaine de Monceaux , Jan. 28, 1852, no. 9 ] ; possibly Comte Sée (until 1887; Comte Sée sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, May 23, 1887, nos. 9–11; sold to B. Martin); Countess of Craven (Cornelia Martin) (until 1922; her sale, Christie's, London, April 25, 1922, nos. ; Cubit (from 1922) ; [ French and Co., New York ,1928 ]
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