Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Terracotta calyx-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Period:
Late Classical
Date:
4th century B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 19 9/16 in. (49.7 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1952
Accession Number:
52.11.18
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 171
Obverse, the death and apotheosis of Herakles
Reverse, Amymone surprised by satyrs

Horribly burned by a charm that his wife gave him in a misguided attempt to revive his love, Herakles had a funeral pyre built and threw himself on it to die. In the elaborate scene on the obverse, he is already in a quadriga (four-horse chariot) driven by Nike and preceded by Hermes and is on the way to Mount Olympos, where Dionysos, Apollo, and Ares await him. Herakles leaves behind on the fire a corselet signifying the husk of his mortal self. Below, Athena urges nymphs to quench the funeral pyre. The youths are Herakles' nephew, Iolaos, the hero Philoktetes (with quiver and bow), and probably Herakles' son, Hylos.
The scene on the reverse is in rather light-hearted contrast. Beset by satyrs, Amymone is defending herself with an available thyrsos. She was finally rescued by Poseidon, who took her for himself. A spring, named after her, welled up where the god struck the ground with his trident.
The power of water clearly connects the representations on each side of the vase.
[Until 1952, with A. Riccardi, Florence]; [1952, purchased by Robert E. Hecht, Jr. from A. Riccardi]; acquired in October 1952, purchased from Robert E. Hecht,
Milne, Marjorie J. 1962. "Three Attic Red-Figured Vases in New York." American Journal of Archaeology, 66(3). p. 305, figs. 1-4, pl. 81, New York: Archaeological Institute of America.

Woodford, Susan. 1966. "Exemplum virtutis: A Study of Heracles in Athens in the second half of the 5th century B.C.." Ph.D. Diss. p. 170. University Microfilms International.

Webster, Thomas Bertram Lonsdale. 1967. Monuments Illustrating Tragedy and Satyr Play. p. 137, London: Institute Of Classical Studies.

Knigge, Ursula. 1975. "Aison, der Meidiasmaler? Zu einer rotfigurigen Oinochoe aus dem Kerameikos." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung, 90: p. 130 n. 6.

Trendall, Arthur Dale. 1977. "Poseidon and Amymone on an Apulian Pelike." Festschrift für Frank Brommer, Ms. Ursula Höckmann and Antje Krug, eds. p. 282 n. 4, Mainz/Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.

Brommer, Frank. 1980. Göttersagen in Vasenlisten. p. 38, Marburg: N.G. Elwert.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Amymone, no. 15, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1984. Aphrodisias-Athena, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 2. Apollon, no. 924, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Brommer, Frank. 1985. "Herakles und Theseus auf Vasen in Malibu." Greek Vases in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Occasional Papers on Antiquities, Vol. 3. p. 216 n. 123, Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum.

Boardman, John. 1986. "Herakles in Extremis." Studien zur Mythologie und Vasenmalerei: Konrad Schauenburg zum 65. Geburtstag am 16. April 1986, Elke Böhr and Wolfram Martini, eds. p. 128, pl. 2, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Herakles, no. 2917, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1990. Herakles-Kenchrias, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 5. Hermes, no. 436a; Hyades, no. 6; Hyas, no. 1, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Philoktetes, no. 8, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Mertens, Joan R. 2010. How to Read Greek Vases. no. 31, pp. 150, 152-5, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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