Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Furniture plaque: lion

Period:
Middle Bronze Age–Old Assyrian Trading Colony
Date:
ca. 18th century B.C.
Geography:
Anatolia, probably from Acemhöyük
Culture:
Old Assyrian Trading Colony
Medium:
Ivory (hippopotamus)
Dimensions:
2.87 x 1.38 in. (7.29 x 3.51 cm)
Classification:
Ivory/Bone-Reliefs
Credit Line:
Gift of George D. Pratt, 1932
Accession Number:
32.161.48
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 403
This plaque in the shape of a seated lion belongs to a group of carved ivories, mostly furniture elements, probably found at the site of a palace at Acemhöyük in central Anatolia. It closely resembles another plaque in the same group which is also in the Metropolitan Museum’s collection (36.152.5). The mane is shown in the form of individual tufts, each ending in an upturned curl, with a row of smaller locks separating it from the face. The mouth is open in a roar, showing numerous teeth. An inlay originally fit into the eye socket, but is now missing. The overall gray color indicates that the object was exposed to considerable heat, perhaps during the destruction of the palace.
Acquired by the Museum in 1932, gift of George D. Pratt.

“Egyptian Style in the Eastern Mediterranean.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, March 2, 1938–March 27, 1938.

"Origin and Influence, Cultural Contacts: Egypt, the Ancient Near East, and the Classical World." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, December 18, 1970–April 23, 1971.

“The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Selections from the Collection of the Ancient Near East Department,” MOA Museum of Art, Atami, Japan, The Aiche Prefectural Art Gallery, Nagoya, Japan, The Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan, 1983.

Dimand, Maurice S. 1936. "A Gift of Syrian Ivories." The Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 31 (11), p. 221.

Decamps de Mertzenfeld, Christiane. 1954. Inventaire Commenté des Ivoires Phéniciens. Paris: E. De Boccard, p. 164, pl. CXXVII, fig. 1091.

Harper, Prudence O. 1969. "Dating a Group of Ivories from Anatolia." The Connoisseur, November 1969, p. 157, fig. 3.

Barnett, Richard D. 1982. “Ancient Ivories in the Middle East and Adjacent Countries.” Qedem 14, pl. 26i.

Imai, Ayako. 1983. “Acemhöyük Ivories.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Selections from the Collection of the Ancient Near East Department, exh. cat. Tokyo: Chunichi Shimbun, no. 104.

Simpson, Elizabeth. 2013. “An Early Anatolian Ivory Chair: The Pratt Ivories in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.” In Amilla: The Quest for Excellence, Studies Presented to Günter Kopcke in Celebration of his 75th Birthday, edited by Robert B. Koehl. Philadelphia: INSTAP Academic Press, pp. 221-261.
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