Small brooches, often in whimsical animal forms, were worn both by Roman soldiers stationed in the provinces and by the native population. Though brooches in these forms appear throughout the Roman world, the distribution of finds and the archaeological remains of workshops suggest that the major centers of production were Britain and Gaul.
Joseph Altounian, Macon, Saône-et-Loire, France (until 1938); [ Brummer Gallery, Paris and New York (1938-1949)]; Joseph Brummer Collection sale, Parke-Bernet Galleries, May 12, 1949, no. 265); Alastair Bradley Martin, Glen Head, NY (until 1951)
Part Two of the Notable Art Collection Belonging to the Estate of the Late Joseph Brummer. New York: Parke-Bernet Galleries, May 11–14, 1949. no. 265, p. 61.