Statue of Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II in the Jubilee Garment

Period: Middle Kingdom

Dynasty: Dynasty 11

Reign: reign of Mentuhotep II

Date: ca. 2051–2000 B.C.

Geography: From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Temple of Mentuhotep II, originally from the courtyard, MMA excavations, 1921–22

Medium: Sandstone, paint

Dimensions: H. 252.9 cm (99 9/16 in.); W. 47.7 cm (18 3/4 in.); D. 43.7 cm (17 3/16 in.)

Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1926

Accession Number: 26.3.29

Description

A group of statues including this one lined the approach to the cult temple of King Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II at Deir el-Bahri. Its iconography and style proclaimed renewal. Kings wore short robes like the one seen here at their thirty-year jubilee, or Sed festival, a feast of rejuvenation. The upright posture and ponderous legs and feet evoke the art of early Egypt, giving this figure an archaic appearance. In reunifying the country after the collapse of the Old Kingdom, Mentuhotep II replicated the deeds of Egypt’s early kings. The rough base was originally sunk below ground level.

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