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Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Jasper intaglio: Sol in a quadriga (four-horse chariot)

Period:
Imperial
Date:
ca. 2nd–3rd century A.D.
Culture:
Roman
Medium:
Jasper, red and green
Dimensions:
Overall: 3.2 cm (1 1/4 in.)
Classification:
Gems
Credit Line:
Gift of John Taylor Johnston, 1881
Accession Number:
81.6.297
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 169
This magical gem is engraved on both sides.
On the reverse, a female figure (Nike) wearing a Phrygian cap and a long tunic, stands in front of a bull into whose chest she plunges a dagger.
Inscription: On obv.: above, ablanathanalba, palindrome in Greek letters; in exergue, tuxeui.
[With George Eastwood, London]; before 1866, purchased by Reverend Charles William King from G. Eastwood; until 1878, collection of Rev. C. W. King, Cambridge, England; 1878, purchased by John Taylor Johnston from Rev. C. W. King; 1878-1881, collection of John Taylor Johnston, New York; acquired 1881, gift of John Taylor Johnston.
King, Charles William Reverend. 1885. Handbook of Engraved Gems. pl. 12, London: G. Bell & Sons.

King, Charles William Reverend. 1887. The Gnostics and Their Remains, 2nd. p. 157, fig. 6, London: David Nutt.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1894. Handbook No. 9: Collections of Engraved Gems. no. 9, p. 32, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Cumont, Franz. 1899. Textes et monuments figurés relatifs aux Mystères de Mithra: publiés avec une introduction critique. no. 6, p. 449, figs. 399–400, Brussels: H. Lamertin.

Bonner, Campbell. 1950. Studies in Magical Amulets, Chiefly Graeco-Egyptian, University of Michigan Studies, Humanistic Series, Vol. 49. no. 71, p. 265, pl. 4, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Vermaseren, Maarten Jozef. 1960. Corpus inscriptionum et monumentorum religionis mithriacae, Vol. 2. no. 2361, p. 393, Hague: M. Nijhoff.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Helios/Sol, no. 128, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1992. Kentauroi-Oiax, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 6. Mithras, no. 130, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.

Merkelbach, Reinhold. 1994. Mithras, 2nd. pp. 122, 140–41, 218, 312, 394–95, fig. 168, Königstein: Hain.

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