The man is shown with the beard and short-cropped hair typical of the third century A.D. Likewise, his toga has the broad fold across the chest that is found on many life-sized marble portrait busts of the period. Although this bronze bust displays a high degree of individual characterization, the subject has not been identified with a known historical figure.
Private collection, Rome (?); [until 1913, with U. Simonetti, Rome]; acquired in 1913, purchased from U. Simonetti.
Purchased by John Marshall from U. Simonetti (“from an old collection in Rome”)
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1914. "Department of Classical Art: Accessions of 1913. Bronzes." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 9(4): pp. 92–93, fig. 3.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1915. Greek, Etruscan and Roman Bronzes. no. 335, pp. 153–54, New York: Gilliss Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1940. "A Rearrangement of Roman Portraits." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 35(10): p. 202.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1941. Roman Portraits, Vol. 2. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1948. Roman Portraits, 2nd edn. no. 98, p. vi, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Dahmen, Karsten. 2001. Untersuchungen zu Form und Funktion kleinformatiger Porträts der römischen Kaiserzeit. p. 193 n. 185, pl. 185, Münster: Scriptorium.
Zanker, Paul. 2016. Roman Portraits: Sculptures in Stone and Bronze in the Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 64, pp. 115, 176–78, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.