Dionysos among satyrs and maenads. On the bottom, round face
A situla is a bucket that served to decant wine. The shape is well attested in metal examples and in terracotta counterparts of different types. This piece presents a spirited depiction of the wine-god Dionysos driving his griffin-drawn chariot to a gathering of his followers. Particularly engaging is the old satyr dipping a jug into the decorated calyx-krater, probably to fill the libation bowl in his left hand. On the back, Dionysos is seated between a satyr and a maenad and is surrounded by attributes, including a fawn, a cista (cylindrical box), and wreaths.
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Title:Terracotta situla (bucket)
Artist:Attributed to the Lycurgus Painter
Date:ca. 360–340 BCE
Culture:Greek, South Italian, Apulian
Dimensions:H. 10 11/16 in. (27.1 cm)
Credit Line:Fletcher Fund, 1956
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1957. "Greek Vases from the Hearst Collection." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 15(7): pp. 166, 179.
Oliver, Andrew Jr. 1962. "The Lycurgus Painter: An Apullian Artist of the Fourth Century B.C." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 21(1): pp. 26–30, figs. 1, 3, 8.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1972. Greek Vase Painting: An Introduction. p. 6, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1972. "Greek Vase Painting." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 31(1): p. 6.
Smith, H.R.W. 1976. Funerary Symbolism in Apulian Vase-Painting. pp. 76, 78–79, Berkeley: University of California Press.
Mayo, Margaret Ellen and Kenneth Hamma. 1982. The Art of South Italy: Vases from Magna Graecia p. 235, Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts.
Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC). 1986. Vol. 3: Atherion-Eros. "Dionysos," p. 463, no. 462, pl. 353, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.
Chiesa, Gemma Sena. 2006. "I Vasi a Figure Rosse del Periodo Apulo Medio: il Nuovo Linguaggio Figurativo, il Prestigio del Mito e la Celebrazione Aristocratica." Ceramiche Attiche e Magnogreche : Collezione Banca Intesa : Catalogo Ragionato, 2, Fabrizio Slavazzi and Fatima Terzo, eds. p. 240, fig. 4, Milano: Electa.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 180, pp. 159, 438, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Heuer, Keely Elizabeth. 2015. "Vases with Faces: Isolated Heads in South Italian Vase Painting." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 50: p. 75, figs. 26a–c.
Trendall, Arthur Dale. 2016. Myth, Drama and Style in South Italian Vase-Painting: Selected Papers by A.D. Trendall, Ian Mcphee, ed. pp. 115, 120, 228, fig. 5, Uppsala: Paul Aströms Förlag.
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