Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Two Monks Looking up at a Dragon in a Tower

Anonymous, Italian, Tuscan, early 15th century
Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash, on vellum
7 3/8 x 5 1/2in. (18.7 x 13.9cm)
Credit Line:
Bequest of Walter C. Baker, 1971
Accession Number:
Not on view
This scene, loosely sketched in its most essential elements, may allude to Petrus de Cruce's real or imaginary journey to two popular holy sites located on the pilgrimage route between Damascus and Beirut: the holy mountain where Noah built his ark and the place outside Beirut where Saint George supposedly slayed the dragon that was devouring the local youth. On a rocky outcrop at the upper left is a wooden structure with one window, meant to represent Noah's ark. In the foreground, Petrus de Cruce (Pierre de la Croix, fl. Late 13th century) is shown standing at the foot of a tower next to an unidentified lay figure holding a pilgrim's staff and pointing toward a dragon. The image might refer to the tower where, according to popular belief, the dragon's victims awaited their fate.

This illustration is one of two from the same roll that may be attributed to the young Florentine artist Fra Angelico, both being markedly distinct in figural style and technique. (The second, formerly in the Koenigs Collection in Amsterdam, is now on deposit at the Pushkin Museum, Moscow.) Despite their less-finished quality, both works stand out for their spatial clarity, linear fluidity, and confident use of simple uninterrupted pen strokes to articulate volume and structure.
L. Böhler (Lucerne); Donor: Walter C. Baker
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Walter C. Baker Collection of Drawings," June 2, 1960–September 4, 1960.

Bernard Berenson, Luisa Vertova I disegni dei pittori fiorentini. 3 vols., Revised and enlarged. Milan, 1961, p. 18, no. 1391 F-3 (as School of Lorenzo Monaco), ill.

Claus Virch Master Drawings in the Collection of Walter C. Baker. New York, 1962, cat. no. 2, pp. 13-14.

Bernhard Degenhart, Annegrit Schmitt Corpus der Italienischen Zeichnungen 1300-1450: Teil I: Süd-und Mittelitalien. Vol. 1 of 4, Berlin, 1968, cat. no. I-2, no. 179, fig. no. I-4, pl. 200b.

Jacob Bean, Lawrence Turčić 15th and 16th Century Italian Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1982, cat. no. 284, fig. no. 284, p. 283, ill.

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