The Cassia Grove Studio, Wen Zhengming (Chinese, 1470–1559), Handscroll; ink and color on paper, China

明 文徵明 叢桂齋圖 卷
The Cassia Grove Studio

Wen Zhengming (Chinese, 1470–1559)
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
ca. 1532
Handscroll; ink and color on paper
Image: 12 7/16 x 22 1/8 in. (31.6 x 56.2 cm)
Overall with mounting: 14 x 322 11/16 in. (35.6 x 819.6 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Douglas Dillon, 1989
Accession Number:
Not on view
Wen Zhengming painted The Cassia Grove Studio to celebrate the success of a fellow scholar, Zheng Zichong, at passing the civil-service examination. "Plucking the cassia" was a metaphor for such success. A fall flower, the cassia was usually associated with the provincial examinations, traditionally held in the autumn. The red vine leaves identify this as an autumnal scene.

The painting presents Zheng Zichong in his garden. Half hidden by the wall of his studio, he appears in rapt contemplation of the scenery. The rustic structures and fence indicate the simple but elegant taste of the Ming scholar; a cabinet full of scrolls visible through the window shows his appreciation of the arts. As both a depiction of a garden studio and a portrait of its owner, Wen's gemlike painting portrays the pleasures of a scholarly life devoted to the arts and to the pursuit of learning.
Signature: Zhengming painted for Zichong

Inscription: The painting is followed by one colophon by Gu Dingchen (1473–1540)
Douglas Dillon , New York (until 1989; donated to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "A Millennium of Chinese Painting: Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," September 8, 2001–January 13, 2002.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Chinese Painting, Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," August 28, 2004–February 20, 2005.