Folios from a Qur'an Manuscript in Floriated "New Style" Script
Folios from a non-illustrated manuscript
Made in Iran or Central Asia
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
H. 12 7/8 in. (32.7 cm) W. 9 in. (22.9 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1940
Not on view
This folio, copied in floriated "new style" script, exhibits a striking balance of rigorous discipline and exuberant imagination. The fourth line of text is much larger than the rest and its vertical letters end in elaborate decoration, visually emphasizing the words "Muhammad, God’s Messenger." The calligrapher pushes the boundaries of the "new style" script by transforming the vertical shafts of the letters into plaited designs and vegetation. The playful use of this script is also seen in Seljuq architectural decoration.
[ Mrs. Kamer Aga-Oglu, Ann Arbor, MI, until 1940; sold to MMA]
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Calligraphy West of China," March 15, 1972–May 7, 1972, no catalogue.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Balcony Calligraphy Exhibition," June 1, 2009–October 26, 2009, no catalogue.
Dimand, Maurice S. A Handbook of Muhammadan Art. 2nd rev. and enl. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1944. p. 71, ill. fig. 40 (b/w).
Ettinghausen, Richard. "Islamic Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol. 33, no. 1 (Spring 1975). ill. a) p. 48 (b/w).
Welch, Stuart Cary. The Islamic World. vol. 11. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. pp. 48-49, ill. fig. 34 (color).
Tabbaa, Yasser. "The Transformation of Arabic Writing: Part I, Qur'anic Calligraphy." Ars Orientalis vol. 21 (1991). p. 130, ill. fig. 18 (b/w).
Suleman, Fahmida, ed. "The Qur'an and its Creative Expressions." In Word of God, Art of Man. Qur'anic Studies Series 4. United States: Oxford University Press, 2007. pp. 29-30, ill. fig. 2.1 (b/w).