This type of hand ornament, called a hathphul (hand flower), is an ancient form of jeweled ornament in India, dating back to the seventh or eighth century BC. In this piece, two finger rings are linked to a bracelet by decorative chains. Flowers and animals composed of rubies, emeralds, and jargons (white sapphires) form the primary decorative scheme of the work.
George and Florence Blumenthal, New York (until 1941; gifted to MMA)
Untracht, Oppi. India: A Jewelry Spectrum. New York: Bard Graduate Center: Decorative Arts, Design History, Material Culture, 1998. no. 375, p. 62.
"Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art New York." In The Arts of Islam. Berlin, 1981. no. 137, pp. 318-319, ill. p. 319 (b/w).
Jenkins-Madina, Marilyn, and Manuel Keene. Islamic Jewelry in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1983. no. 65, p. 122, ill. (b/w).