Pen Box with a Europeanizing Landscape, Hajji Muhammad, Papier-maché; painted and lacquered

Pen Box with a Europeanizing Landscape

Hajji Muhammad
Object Name:
Pen box
late 17th–early 18th century
Made in Iran
Papier-maché; painted and lacquered
LengtH. 11 in. (27.9 cm)
WidtH. 2 1/4in. (5.7cm)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Elizabeth S. Ettinghausen Gift, in memory of Richard Ettinghausen, 2000
Accession Number:
2000.491a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 462
This pen box is signed by the later Safavid artist Haji Muhammad. The Europeanized landscape depicted on the inside cover of this box is associated with the style of this artist and other members of his family, most famously his celebrated brother Muhammad Zaman. The high status accorded to the arts of calligraphy and writing in the Islamic world led to the production of many handsome accessories such as this pen box.
Signature: Haji Muhammad
[ Massoud Nader, New York, until 2000; sold to MMA]
New York. Leubsdorf Gallery at Hunter College. "Re-Orientations: Islamic Art and the West in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries," February 7, 2008–April 26, 2008, no catalogue.

Bates, Ülkü. Re-Orientations: Islamic Art and the West in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. New York, 2008. no. 15, pp. 62–63, ill.