Felted cotton piecework and block-printed cotton decorated with silver ornaments, fire-gilded and chased, with table-cut carnelians, synthetic and glass stones, and embossed pendants
6 5/8 x 6 3/4 in. (16.8 x 17.1 cm)
Gift of Marshall and Marilyn R. Wolf, 2012
Not on view
Coat (2015.648.4) and Pair of Clothing Panels (2012.206.7a, .7b)
Nineteenth-century reports and photographs record the fashion for decorating the front of women’s shifts with silver coins (see left photograph, p. 210 in this volume). Although the tradition of decorating shifts in this way apparently faded sometime in the twentieth century, outer coats continued to be embellished with panels decorated with vertical rows of embossed silver discs ending in lozenge-shaped decorative clasps either attached to panels or directly sewn onto the fabric of the coat. Panels were generally attached at the neck and reached to the waist or knees.
This woman's coat (2015.648.4) and pair of ornamented panels (no. 2012.206.7a, .7b) illustrate how silver ornaments looked when worn. The coat, made of typical Teke raw silk of cranberry red, has four vertical rows of silver discs along the length of the coat and two rows of silver discs ornamenting the sleeves. It appears that the silver ornaments, as well as a new Russian cotton lining, were added in the Tehran bazaar where the coat was sold well after it had been made.
The pair of panels is too short to have been worn down the front of a coat and is lacking the V-shaped opening of panels worn as pectorals (see right photograph, p. 210 in this volume). It has been suggested that they were worn down the sides, apparently a recent fashion. The panels also differ from traditional examples in their use of patterned fabric, which complements the red and green stones of the ornaments. These works exemplify how a traditional mode of ornamentation using silver coinage was transformed and modernized in more recent times.
Layla S. Diba in [Diba 2011]
1. Andrews, P. A. “Clothing and Jewelry of the Turkmen.” In Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. 5, pp. 854–56. Costa Mesa, Calif., 1992, p. 855, cites the date 1970.
2. Marilyn Wolf, conversation with the author, August 2008.
3. Marilyn Wolf, conversation with the author, August 2008.
Marshall and Marilyn R. Wolf, Toronto, Canada (by 2006–12; gifted to MMA)
Diba, Layla S. "Silver Ornaments from the Marshall and Marilyn R. Wolf Collection." In Turkmen Jewelry. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. 171, pp. 210-211, ill. p. 211 (color).
Artist: Date: late 19th–early 20th century Accession Number: 2012.206.7a Date: late 19th–early 20th centuryMedium: Felted cotton piecework and block-printed cotton decorated with silver ornaments, fire-gilded and chased, with table-cut carnelians, synthetic and glass stones, and embossed pendantsAccession: 2012.206.7aOn view in:Not on view
Artist: Date: late 19th–early 20th century Accession Number: 2013.968.8 Date: late 19th–early 20th centuryMedium: Silver; fire-gilded and repousse with openwork and beaded stamped decoration, table cut carnelian, embossed pendants, and perforated terminations.Accession: 2013.968.8On view in:Not on view
Artist: Date: early 20th century Accession Number: L.2006.39.77 Date: early 20th centuryMedium: Silver, fire-gilded, with stamped beading, silver shot, decorative wire, wire chains, embossed pendants, and glass inlays over red foil, lacquer, or clothAccession: L.2006.39.77On view in:Not on view