Art/ Collection/ Art Object

The Virgin of Guadalupe

Artist:
Marsden Hartley (American, Lewiston, Maine 1877–1943 Ellsworth, Maine)
Date:
ca. 1918–19
Medium:
Oil and charcoal on paperboard
Dimensions:
31 7/8 x 23 7/8 in. (81 x 60.6 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Alfred Stieglitz Collection, 1949
Accession Number:
49.70.44
Not on view
Not long after his return to the United States from Germany, Hartley ventured to New Mexico, where he became enamored of the Spanish Colonial, Mexican, and American Indian arts of the region. The Virgin of Guadalupe depicts a bulto, a small carved and painted religious statue. Hartley likely based the painting on a specific bulto of the Virgin Mary to which he had access. Artists and collectors were attracted to bultos because they seemed to be made by their (usually anonymous) creators with both directness and sincerity, qualities to which Hartley similarly aspired.
Inscription: Signed ( verso, in black paint): Marsden/ Hartley
the artist (until 1921; sale, Anderson Galleries, New York, May 17, 1921, no. 98, sold for $95 to Stieglitz); Alfred Stieglitz, New York (1921–d. 1946; his estate, 1946–49; gift to MMA)

Santa Fe. Museum of New Mexico. "Santa Fe Fiesta Exhibit," opened September 19, 1919, no catalogue.

Anderson Galleries, New York. "Seventy-Five Pictures by James N. Rosenberg and 117 Pictures by Marsden Hartley," May 10–17, 1921, no. 98.

Philadelphia Museum of Art. "History of an American, Alfred Stieglitz: '291' and After, Selections from the Stieglitz Collection," July 1–November 1, 1944, no. 246.

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Alfred Stieglitz Exhibition: His Collection," June 10–August 31, 1947, no catalogue (checklist no. 40).

Art Institute of Chicago. "Alfred Stieglitz: His Photographs and His Collection," February 2–29, 1948, extended to March 7, 1948, no catalogue (checklist no. 27).

Jacksonville, Fla. Jacksonville Art Museum. "The Figure in 20th Century American Art: Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," February 9–April 21, 1985, unnum. cat. (p. 47).

Oklahoma City. Oklahoma Museum of Art. "The Figure in 20th Century American Art: Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," May 5–June 30, 1985, unnum. cat.

New York. National Academy of Design. "The Figure in 20th Century American Art: Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," July 16–September 1, 1985, unnum. cat.

Evanston, Ill. Terra Museum of American Art. "The Figure in 20th Century American Art: Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 15–November 10, 1985, unnum. cat.

Little Rock. Arkansas Arts Center. "The Figure in 20th Century American Art: Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," November 12, 1985–January 19, 1986, unnum. cat.

Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center. "The Figure in 20th Century American Art: Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," February 9–March 30, 1986, unnum. cat.

St. Paul. Minnesota Museum of Art. "The Figure in 20th Century American Art: Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 20–June 8, 1986, unnum. cat.

Katonah, N. Y. Katonah Gallery. "New England—New Mexico: Artistic Encounters, 1910–1940," March 25–May 7, 1989, unnumbered cat. (p. 5).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "14 Americans," July 16, 1990–January 2, 1991, no catalogue.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "American Still Life: 1915–1950," February 1, 1995–January 28, 1996, no catalogue.

Richmond, Va. Marsh Art Gallery. "Still Life: The Object in American Art, 1915–1995. Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," January 3–February 28, 1997, no. 56.

Little Rock. Arkansas Arts Center. "Still Life: The Object in American Art, 1915–1995. Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," March 28–May 23, 1997, no. 56.

Newport Beach, Calif. Newport Harbor Art Museum. "Still Life: The Object in American Art, 1915–1995. Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," June 20–August 15, 1997, no. 56.

Tulsa, Okla. Philbrook Museum of Art. "Still Life: The Object in American Art, 1915–1995. Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 12–November 7, 1997, no. 56.

Palm Beach, Fla. The Society of the Four Arts. "Still Life: The Object in American Art, 1915–1995. Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," January 9–February 8, 1998, no. 56.

Salina, Kansas. Salina Art Center. "Still Life: The Object in American Art, 1915–1995. Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," March 6–May 3, 1998, no. 56.

New York. Berry-Hill Galleries. "The Heart of the Matter: The Still Lifes of Marsden Hartley," May 6–June 27, 2003, unnumbered cat. (pl. 10).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Stieglitz and His Artists: Matisse to O'Keeffe," October 13, 2011–January 2, 2012, no. 101.

El Palacio 7 (November 30, 1919), p. 151, ill., as "The Virgin".

Arts 1 (May 1921), p. 61, ill., notice of sale.

J. L. Porter. "A Declaration of Independence." International Studio 73 (June 1921), p. cviii, ill.

Barbara Haskell. Marsden Hartley. Exh. cat., Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, 1980, p. 59, fig. 55.

Lowery Stokes Sims. The Figure in 20th Century American Art: Selections from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Jacksonville Art Museum. New York, 1984, pp. 42, 46–47, ill., dates it 1919.

Patricia Janis Broder. The American West: The Modern Vision. Boston, 1984, pp. 134, 141, 189, ill.

Sharyn Rohlfsen Udall. Modernist Painting in New Mexico, 1913–1935. Albuquerque, 1984, pp. 38, 45.

W. Jackson Rushing. Native American Art and the New York Avant–Garde: A History of Cultural Primitivism. Austin, 1995, pp. 78-79, fig. 3-34.

Lisa Mintz Messinger in Stieglitz and His Artists: Matisse to O'Keeffe. The Alfred Stieglitz Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Ed. Lisa Mintz Messinger. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2011, pp. 136-37, 264, no. 101, ill. (color).

Isabelle Duvernois in Stieglitz and His Artists: Matisse to O'Keeffe. The Alfred Stieglitz Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Ed. Lisa Mintz Messinger. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2011, p. 137, fig. 30 (detail of infrared reflectogram).

Related Objects

Still Life No. 16

Artist: Marsden Hartley (American, Lewiston, Maine 1877–1943 Ellsworth, Maine) Date: ca. 1920 Medium: Oil and charcoal on paperboard Accession: 49.70.45 On view in:Not on view

Landscape, New Mexico

Artist: Marsden Hartley (American, Lewiston, Maine 1877–1943 Ellsworth, Maine) Date: 1919–20 Medium: Oil on canvas Accession: 49.70.46 On view in:Not on view

Still Life No. 2

Artist: Marsden Hartley (American, Lewiston, Maine 1877–1943 Ellsworth, Maine) Date: ca. 1921–23 Medium: Oil on canvas Accession: 49.70.50 On view in:Not on view

White Flower

Artist: Marsden Hartley (American, Lewiston, Maine 1877–1943 Ellsworth, Maine) Date: ca. 1917 Medium: Oil on wood Accession: 1983.538 On view in:Not on view

Movement No. 5, Provincetown Houses

Artist: Marsden Hartley (American, Lewiston, Maine 1877–1943 Ellsworth, Maine) Date: 1916 Medium: Oil and charcoal on paperboard Accession: 49.70.43 On view in:Not on view