Eagle Attacking a Monkey, Kawanabe Kyōsai (Japanese, 1831–1889), Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper, Japan

Eagle Attacking a Monkey

Kawanabe Kyōsai (Japanese, 1831–1889)
Meiji period (1868–1912)
Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper
Image: 65 1/2 x 33 in. (166.4 x 83.8 cm)
Overall with mounting: 111 1/2 x 43 1/2 in. (283.2 x 110.5 cm)
Overall with knobs: 111 1/2 x 47 1/2 in. (283.2 x 120.7 cm)
Credit Line:
Charles Stewart Smith Collection, Gift of Mrs. Charles Stewart Smith, Charles Stewart Smith Jr., and Howard Caswell Smith, in memory of Charles Stewart Smith, 1914
Accession Number:
Not on view
In this set of four large paintings (14.76.64a–d), depicting the fierce spirit of eagles hunting or protecting their young, the artist Kyōsai distilled the soul of the Japanese nation, which was at the onset of westernization and exerting itself as an international power. In addition to their regal presence, these raptors represented unhesitating, even ruthless action, a necessary quality during this turbulent period. Determined to break the mold of traditional East Asian ink painting, Kyōsai exaggerated the vigor of his subjects with coarse bravado, varying long and short brushstrokes and contrasts of light and dark. Kyōsai sought a degree of realism, even brutal naturalism, that indicates his final abandonment of the classical Kano-school aesthetic.

Often called the last spark of the Kano school, Kyōsai was one of the first Japanese artists to be introduced to the Western world. A prodigy who started painting at age seven, the prolific Kyōsai built his art on the foundation of his early training in ukiyo-e and Kano-school painting techniques; later, he assimilated into his work such antithetical styles as Rinpa and Maruyama-Shijō realism.
#8823. Eagle Carrying Off a Monkey
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Signature: Stamp and inscription
Charles Stewart Smith , New York (until d. 1909; by descent to his heirs).; Mrs. Charles Stewart Smith , Charles Stewart Smith Jr., and Howard Caswell Smith, New York (until 1914; donated to MMA).
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Arts of Japan," November 5, 1991–December 15, 1992.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Mighty Kano School: Orthodoxy and Iconoclasm," December 18, 2004–June 5, 2005.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Birds in the Art of Japan," February 2, 2013–July 28, 2013.