Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Painted wooden panel of Tabakenkhonsu

Late Period, Kushite
Dynasty 25
ca. 680–670 B.C.
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Temple of Hatshepsut, Hathor Shrine, pit in hypostyle hall, Egypt Exploration Fund excavations, 1894–95
Wood, gesso, paint
H.. 31.1 cm (12 1/4 in); W. 26.7 cm (10 1/2 in)
Credit Line:
Gift of Egypt Exploration Fund, 1896
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 125
As part of the burial equipment, funerary stelae made a prayer for offerings for the maintenance of the deceased. In addition to forms of Osiris, Re-Harakhty and Atum—as the rising and setting sun and thus connected with continued life—are particularly favored focal gods. In contrast to stelae of the Third Intermediate Period, usually a more subdued coloring and a more standardized style are adopted in this period.

This stela depicts the woman Tabakenkhonsu led by the god Thoth being presented to Isis and Osiris beneath the body of the goddess Nut arching over the top of the stela. An offering of Geb is recorded. Tabakenkhonsu's father's name is damaged, but her mother was Tami.
Above Isis:
As.t mw.t-nTr
Isis, God's mother
Above Osiris:
Dd mdw jn wsjr nb nHH nswt tA.wj Hr.j-tp-jdb.w Di=f Htp(.w) nb
Words spoken by Osiris, Lord of Eternity, King of the Two Lands, Overlord of the Shores, may have give all offerings
Abvoe Thoth:
nb-xmn.w nb mdw.w(-nTr) nb p.t
Lord of Hermopolis, Lord of Divine Words, Lord of Heaven
Above woman:
nb(.t)-pr (t)A-bAk-xns.w
Mistress of the House, (T)abaketkhonsu
Main inscription:
Htp Di nswt gb jr.j-pa.t nTr.w Di=f pr.t-xrw t' Hnq.t kA.w Apd.w snTr Ss mnx.t mD(.t) (j)x[.t] nb(.t) nfr(.t) wab(.t) (j)x.t nb(.t) nDm bnj n kA n wsjr nb(.t) pr Sps(.t) tA-bAk-xns.w mAa(.t) xrw zA.t [Hm-nTr] Hr.w mw.t=s nb.t pr Sps(.t) tA-mjw.t jmAx(.jt) x(r) wsjr

Offering which the king gives (and) Geb, Noblest of Gods, may he give invocation offerings: bread, beer, bulls, owl, incense, alabaster, linen, oil, and every good and pure thing, every sweet and pleasant thing, to the soul of Osiris Mistress of the House, the Noblewoman, Tabakenkhonsu, true of voice, daughter of the priest Hor, whose mother is the Mistress of the House, Tamiut, who is venerated before Osiris.
Niv Allon 2015
Naville Excavations sponsored by the Egypt Exploration Fund. Acquired by the EEF in the division of finds. Given by the EEF to the Museum for its contribution to the excavations, 1896.

Gillett, Charles R. Rev. 1898. Catalogue of the Egyptian Antiquities in Halls 3 and 4, Metropolitan Museum of Art Handbook, 4. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Metropolitan Museum of Art 1911. A Handbook of the Egyptian Rooms. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Munro, Peter 1973. Die spätägyptischen Totenstelen. Glueckstadt, p. 188.

Bianchi, Robert 1976. "Varia Metropolitana." In Göttinger Miszellen, 22, p. 22.

Vittmann, Günter 1978. Priester und Beamte im Theben der Spätzeit. Vienna, p. 55 and table, p. 56.

De Meulenaere, Herman, Luc Limme, and Jan Quaegebeur 1985. Peter Munro, Die Spätägyptischen Totenstelen Index et Addenda. Brussels, p. 27.

Aston, David 2009. Burial Assemblages of Dynasty 21–25: Chronology – Typology – Developments. Contributions to the chronology of the Eastern Mediterranean, vol. 21, Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie, 56. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 214, 351.

Jansen-Winkeln, Karl 2009. Inschriften der Spätzeit, Teil III: Die 25. Dynastie. Harrassowitz Verlag, pp. 441-2, cat. no. 52.172.

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